Also known as typhoid mild fever. This disease is caused by bacteria worldwide. This disease is caused by the consumption of contaminated food or water, which contains salmonella typhoid bacteria or the closest contact of the person with bacteria. Typhoid fever is very low in industrialized countries, but it remains a serious health hazard in developing countries, especially for children. This is a very common disease in India.
Typhoid bacteria live in human intestines and bloodstream. It spreads among people with direct contact with the stool of an infected person.
This infection does not happen with any animal. It always happens from one person to another.
If treatment is not done then 1 out of 4 people die due to typhoid, and if treated, treatment of typhoid will be fatal for less than 4 in 100 cases.
Salmonella typhi enters the bacteria and remains in the intestine for 1-3 weeks. After that, it goes into the blood through the intestinal wall. Through blood, it spreads to other tissues and organs. Your immune system can not fight Salmonella typhi because this bacteria can be safe in your cells without affecting your immune system.
Typhoid treatment is usually done. But some bacterial breeds are not affected by antibiotics today. According to the World Health Organization, there are approximately 21 million typhoids in the world every year and 222,000 people with typhoid deaths.
- Symptoms of Typhoid Fever
- Due to typhoid fever
- Prevention of typhoid fever
- Testing of typhoid fever
- Treating Typhoid Fever
- Risks and complications of typhoid fever
- Home remedies of Typhoid
- What to Eat and Do not Eat in Typhoid
Typhoid fever symptoms
The typical development of typhoid disease is 1-2 weeks and the duration of the disease is approximately 3-4 weeks.
Typhoid symptoms are:
- Not feeling hungry
- Having pain in the body
- Fever from 104 degrees Fahrenheit
- Being lazy
- Having diarrhea
In many people’s chest, the cough gets accumulated. Pain in the stomach and pain also happens.
The fever is there, but if there is no problem, then the disease starts recovering in three to four weeks.
After feeling better than one to two weeks, the symptoms of this disease are visible in approximately 10% of the people.
Those who recover from antibiotics are more likely to have this disease again.
Reasons for Typhoids Fever
If a person infected with Salmonella typhi bacteria does not wash his hands after bowel movements or urinating and touches the food with the same hand, then the bacteria come into the food and if the person is eating another person, then that person also has its bacteria Gets infected with. Trifid spreads even after touching the mouth without washing your hands after using contaminated wastewater from the bacteria.
If the infected people abandon the sewage or urine around the source of the river, drain or water supply, then the water becomes contaminated and salmonella typhoids bacteria spread in that water. Taking the same contaminated water or washing it in the water before making the food, our body gets infected with typhoid. Typhoid spreads by eating seafood, i.e. fish or other things from the source of contaminated water contaminated by the stool or urine of the infected person.
Typhoid is also spread by consuming raw vegetables grown from infected man feces or by consuming raw milk products.
Typhoid also spreads through oral or oral sex with a person infected with Salmonella typhi bacteria.
Without treatment, one out of 20 people avoiding typhoids fever can cause infection because the person with no typhoids symptoms has Salmonella typhi bacteria in his body, and he or she transmits its infection through its stool or urine can spread.
Defend from typhoid fever
Most cases of typhoids fever can be treated with antibiotics. But hospitalization may be required if the condition is serious. The following are some of the essential measures that, if you are suffering from typhoids fever, then you will recover faster.
- What to eat in Typhoid
- What should not be eaten in typhoid
- Eat less food at a time in typhoids fever
- Maintain personal hygiene in typhoids fever.
- Do not go to work in typhoids fever
What to eat in a typhoid
- Lots of liquids like juice and soup
- Milk and milk-based drinks.
- Refined grains (flour, semolina, etc.) and their products such as low-fiber content, dusty lentils, soft puri thoroughly cooked vegetables, and boiled potatoes.
- Ingredients that provide proteins like eggs, cottage cheese, fish and chicken.
What should not be eaten in a typhoid
- High quantities of fiber such as whole grains and their products, whole pulses.
- All raw vegetables and fruits except banana and papaya
- Fried food like Samosa, Pokode, Ladoo, and Pudding.
- Do not eat stimulants such as spices, pickles, chutneys and ghee-rich vegetables such as cabbage, capsicum, spinach, radish, onions, and garlic.
Eat less food at a time in typhoid fever
You get plenty of comfort in typhoids fever, take lots of fluids and eat regular meals. Instead of eating three meals daily, eat a little more often in the day. If you do this then you will feel light and your body will feel better.
Maintain personal hygiene in typhoids fever
A typhoid fever patient should maintain good personal hygiene, such as washing his hands regularly with soap and hot water so that the risk of others being reduced can be reduced.
Do not go to work in typhoids fever
Typically, most patients of typhoids fever can return to work or school as soon as they start feeling better. But this does not apply to those who work with food and weaker people, such as children under the age of five, elderly and weak health people. In these cases, test on three stool samples taken at a 48-hour interval, when the bacteria is no longer present, then you should return to work only.
Typhoid fever test
How to diagnose or test typhoid?
After contaminated food, the bacteria called salmonella in them reach the bowel. The white blood cells present in the blood carry the bacteria in the blood. Where he multiplied During this time, symptoms like fever start to appear. Bacteria is now in the gallstones system. And they come here and multiply very much. After this, the bacteria go through the intestinal tract to the stool. It is diagnosed by stool samples. If the test does not get well, then it is diagnosed with blood or urine samples.
Treatment of typhoids fever
How is typhoid tested?
The use of antibiotics is the only effective way of treating typhoids fever.
Most commonly used medicines –
- Ciprofloxacin – Doctors often recommend taking this medication. This medicine is not given to pregnant women.
- Ceftriaxone – This antibiotic drug is given by injection to those people who can not be given Ciprofloxacin. Such as – small children.
These medicines can have side effects, and long-term use will cease their effects.
Other treatments include –
- Consuming fluids – it prevents dehydration due to long-term fever and diarrhea. If you are severely dehydrated, you can be given liquids by veins.
- Surgery – if you have a hole in your bowel. Then they will be cured by surgery.
Risks and complications of typhoids fever
What are the risk factors of typhoid?
Typhoids fever is a serious threat throughout the world, especially in developing countries, every year affects approximately 26 million people or more. This disease is spatial in India, Southeast Asia, Africa, South America, and many other areas.
Worldwide, children are at the highest risk of getting sick, although they generally have mild symptoms compared to adults.
If you fall into the following category, then you may be prone to typhoid –
- If you work in areas or travel where typhoids fever is spatial.
- If you are working as a microbiologist with Salmonella Typhi bacteria
- If you are getting in touch with a person who is infected or recently infected with typhoids fever.
- If you are drinking contaminated water by sewage, which contains salmonella typhoid.
The most severe complications of typhoids fever – such as bleeding in the intestines or holes in the intestines – can develop in the third week of the disease. Holes in the intestine occur when the small intestine or large intestine develops a hole, causing the contents in the intestines to go into the darkness of the stomach. Due to which serious symptoms like severe stomach ache, nausea, vomiting and blood infection (sepsis) appear. These killer complications require immediate treatment and care.
Other potential complications include:
- Inflammation of the heart muscles
- Swelling in the darkened layer of the heart and valves
- Swelling of the pancreas
- kidney infection or bladder infection
- Membranes and fluid infections and swelling (meningitis) near your brain and spinal cord
Psychotherapy issues, such as
o Speaking in unconscious
With prompt treatment, almost all people in industrialized countries can recover from typhoids fever. Without treatment, people can not escape the complications of the disease.