Tonsils: Types, Symptoms, Prevention, Treatment
What are tonsils?
The tunicles are the pair of soft tissues located behind the throat. Tonsils are part of the lymphatic system, which helps in fighting infection. Depending on the response from the infection, their size and swelling vary. However, removal of tonsils has not seen an increase in the sensitivity to infection.
Tonsils reach the largest size near their puberty and gradually they decay. However, if the size of the tonsils is compared to the throat width, then this measurement is the largest in small children. Generally, each tonsil is 2.5 centimeters long, 2.0 cm wide and 1.2 cm thick.
What is tonsillitis?
The tonsils act as a defense mechanism. They help in protecting your body from infection. When tonsils become infected, this condition is called ‘tonsillitis’.
Tonality can occur at any age and is a normal infection occurring in childhood. Tonsils are often diagnosed in children from pre-school age to mid-teens.
Symptoms of tonsillitis include a sore throat, tonsillitis, and fever. This condition is contagious and can be caused by various viruses and bacteria. For example, streptococcal bacteria, which causes strep throat; a bacterial infection that causes swelling and pain in the throat). Chronic complications can arise if tonsillitis due to strait throat is not treated.
Diagnosis of tonsillitis is easily done. Symptoms usually end within 7 to 10 days. Necessary treatment is not necessary in the slightest case of tonsillitis, especially when it is due to the virus, such as a cold. Treatment of more serious cases of tonsillitis may include antibiotics or tonsillectomy (surgery is done to remove tonsils).
Tonsillitis in India
A hospital-based study found that the most common age of chronic tonsillitis patients in India is 11-20 years (56% of cases). In addition, the proportion of males was higher – 62% for men and 38% for females. The most common complications that occur after tonsillectomy include hematoma (Hematoma; an abnormal accumulation of blood outside the blood vessel) and fever.
- Types of tonsillitis (tonsils)
- Symptoms of tonsillitis (tonsils)
- Due to tonsillitis (tonsils)
- Avoiding tonsillitis (tonsils)
- Testing of tonsillitis (tonsils)
- Treatment of tonsillitis (tonsils)
- Risks and complications of tonsillitis (tonsils)
Types of tonsillitis (tonsils)
Types of tonsillitis
- Acute tonsillitis – Infects a bacterium or virus tonsils, which cause swelling and sore throat. The tonsils can develop a gray or white coating.
- Chronic tonsillitis – Chronic tonsillitis, sometimes occurring repeatedly of acute tonsillitis, results in chronic tonsillitis.
- Peritonsillar abscess – Infections accumulate pus near the tonsils, which pushes it towards the opposite direction. Peritonsillar bursts should be dried immediately.
- Acute mononucleosis – this is usually caused by Epstein Barr Virus. Due to ‘mono’, tonsils may cause severe swelling, fever, sore throat, red rashes, and fatigue.
- Strep throat – A bacteria called Streptococcus infects tonsils and throat. Fever in neck and pain in the neck often happens with a sore throat.
- Tonsilloliths or Tonsil Stones – tonsil stones or tonsilloliths are formed when the strained waste becomes harder.
Symptoms of tonsillitis (tonsils)
Signs and symptoms of tonsillitis
Tony sits affects most pre-school ages and middle-aged children. Common signs and symptoms of tonsillitis include:
- Red and swollen tonsils
- White or yellow coat or spots on the tonsils
- A sore throat
- Trouble or pain in swallowing
- Growing of soft glands (lymph nodes) present in the neck
- Wail, slow or heavy noise
- Breath of breath
- Pain in the stomach (especially in small children)
- Stiffness in the neck
In very young children who are unable to get their say, these symptoms of tonsillitis may include –
- Drying the saliva due to difficult or acute swallowing
- Refuse to eat
- Being unusually irritable
When to show to the doctor –
If your child has such symptoms, which can indicate tonality then it is important to get an accurate diagnosis.
Talk to your doctor if your child is experiencing this –
- A sore throat which does not go during 24 to 48 hours
- Pain or trouble swallowing
- Excessive weakness, fatigue or irritability
If your child has any of these signs then immediately note –
- Trouble breathing
- Too much to swallow
- Drip the saliva
Causes of tonsillitis (tonsils)
Causes of tonsillitis
- Because the tonsils first act in protecting the body from attacking external diseases, they are therefore susceptible to infection.
- Tonicity is usually caused by a virus, but sometimes it may be due to bacteria. If this group is due to a bacterial related to A streptococcus, then this condition is known as strep throat.
- Whether tonsillitis is viral or bacterial, it is contagious and can spread from one person to another. However, if tonsillitis is caused by secondary illness, such as sinusitis or hay fever, then it is not likely to be contagious.
Tonicity is caused by most viral infections. The most common types of viruses infecting tonsils are –
- Adenovirus, which is associated with common cold and sore throat.
- Rhinovirus, which is the most common cause of the common cold.
- Influenza, which is often called ‘flu’.
- The respiratory syncytial virus, which often causes infection of the acute respiratory tract.
- There are two subtypes of Coronavirus, which infect humans. One of these causes SARS.
Generally, the less visible virus can cause tonsillitis –
- Epstein Barr virus
- Herpes simplex virus
- Cytomegalovirus (cytomegalovirus)
The most common type of bacterial infection in the tonsil is Streptococcus pyogenes. But sometimes it may be due to other species, which include –
- Staphylococcus aureus
- Mycoplasma pneumonia
- Chlamydia lemony (Chlamydia pneumonia)
- Bordetella pertussis
- Fusobacterium sp.
- Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Avoidance of tonsillitis (tonsils)
Prevention of tonsillitis
Germs that spread viral and bacterial tonsillitis are infectious, so the best prevention is to keep cleanliness.
Tell your child the following things –
- Wash your hands thoroughly and often, especially before using toilets and eating.
- Avoid sharing food, water glasses, water bottles or utensils.
- After the identification of tonsillitis, change its toothbrush. (Read more: Toothache Types, Symptoms, Prevention, Treatment)
Help prevent your child from spreading bacterial or viral infections in other people like this –
- When the child is ill, keep him at home.
- Ask your doctor if you can send your child back to school.
- Teach your child to cover the mouth with a napkin while coughing or sneezing.
- Teach your child to wash hands after sneezing or coughing.
Test of tonsillitis (tonsils)
Test and diagnosis
Your child’s doctor will start with a physical examination, which will include –
- Examine your child’s throat with a lighted device, as well as checking his ears and nose, which may be the appropriate place for infection.
- Investigating the red rash fever which is known as ‘Scarletina’ and is associated with some cases of Strep Throat.
- To feel the feeling of touching the baby’s neck slowly, to check inflammation glands (lymph nodes).
- Listen to his breathing through a stethoscope.
- Check the growing size of the spleen (to know about mononucleosis, which generates tonsils in the tonsils).
- During this simple test, the doctor wipes the back of your child’s throat with a clean swab of cotton, to take a sample of the secretion. Whether this sample has streptococcal bacteria, it will be checked in the clinic or in the lab.
- Many clinics have their own lab, in which the results of the investigation can be ascertained within a few minutes. However, testing for a more reliable result is usually sent to another lab, which can report the test within 24 to 48 hours.
- If the results of these tests done in the clinic come positive, then your child definitely has a bacterial infection. If the test is negative, then your child has the possibility of viral infection. However, to determine the cause of the infection, your doctor will wait for the outcome of the tests sent in the second lab outside the clinic.
Complete Blood Cell Count (CBC)
The doctor can direct CBC with a small sample of your baby’s blood. Many types of blood cells are often calculated by this test performed in the clinic. The higher, normal or lower than a normal number of blood cells indicates that the reason for infection is bacterial or viral. CBC is not often required to diagnose Strep Throat. However, if the Strep Throat Lab Test is negative, then CBC test can be done to determine the cause of tonsillitis.
Treatment of tonsillitis (tonsils)
Treatment of tonsillitis
Which experts do the treatment of tonsilitis?
A primary care provider (PCP; Primary Care Provider – PCP) such as a family doctor, an intern or pediatrician can diagnose and treat simple tonsillitis and adenoid infection. If your tonsillitis is very serious when you go to an emergency department. You will be seen by an emergency medicine specialist. If the infection is severe, chronic, or recurrent, then you may be referred to the otolaryngologist, who is also known as an expert in ear-nose-throat (ENT), to further treat or remove tonsils and adenoids. is.
Whether tonsillitis is caused by a viral or bacterial infection, home care done at home can be more convenient for your baby and its condition can improve significantly.
If the virus is more susceptible to tonsillitis, then these home remedies are the only treatment. Your doctor will not suggest antibiotics because they have no effect on the virus infection. Your child may feel better within 7 to 10 days.
The methods of home care used during the time of better health are included in the following –
- Encourage your child to get sufficient rest and complete sleep.
- Give sufficient liquids. To keep the baby’s throat moist and prevent dehydration, drink plenty of water.
- Offer comfortable foods and drinks. Hot liquids – cold foods such as broth, caffeine-free tea or honey mixed with hot water and calf can reduce swelling of the throat.
- Prepare salt water to make garrets. If your child is able to garlic, then add 1 spoon (5 ml) of salt, 8 oz (237 ml) in warm water. Gargling with this water will help relax your baby’s throat swelling. Ask your child to garland and then spit it with water.
- Melt the air. Use the cool air humidifier to eliminate dry air, which can cause more problems in the throat, or spend some time with your child in a steam-filled bathroom.
- Give the child to eat lozenges. Lozenges can suck up to 4 years of age to remove a sore throat.
- Avoid troubles that cause trouble. Keep your home free from cigarette smoke and keep the cleaning products away as they can have a throat irritation.
- Treat the pain and fever. Talk to your doctor about using ibuprofen (Advil, children’s Motrin, other) or acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) to reduce throat pain and to control the fever. Treatment of painless low fever is not required.
Excluding some diseases, children and adolescents should not take Aspirin medicine. When aspirin is used to treat symptoms of diseases like cold or flu, then it connects it to Reye’s syndrome. This is a rare but potentially serious situation for our lives.
Medicine – Antibiotics
If tonsillitis is caused by a bacterial infection, then your doctor will advise on the course of antibiotics. For tonsillitis due to group A streptococcus, oral penicillin is the most common antibiotic treatment for 10 days. If your child is allergic to penicillin, then your doctor will suggest an alternative antibiotic.
Your child should take a full course of antibiotics, even if the symptoms are completely removed. According to the instructions, failure to take all medicines can severely spread to other parts of the body. Due to not completing the course of antibiotics, especially your child may increase the risk of swelling and irritation seriously in the rheumatic fever and kidneys.
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist what to do if you forget to give your child supplements.
Tonsillectomy – Tonsillectomy can be used to treat recurring tonsillitis, chronic tonsillitis, or bacterial tonsillitis, which are not cured by antibiotic treatment. Frequent tonsillitis is commonly defined –
- More than seven episodes in a year (episode)
- In the last two years, there are four or more than five episodes each year.
- There are more than three episodes each year in the last three years.
If the increased hazard of tonsillitis becomes difficult to control then it can also result in tonsillectomy, such as –
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Difficulty breathing
- Difficulty swallowing, especially meat and other hard foods
- A boil, which is not cured even after antibiotic treatment.
Tonsillectomy is usually done as an outpatient procedure, as long as your child is too small for a complex medical condition or if complications occur during surgery. This means that your child should be able to go home on the day of surgery. It usually takes 7 to 14 days for the child to be healthy.
Tonsillectomy is an outpatient procedure, which is done under normal anesthesia and usually last from 30 minutes to 45 minutes. This process is usually used in children.
Most children are sent home after four hours of surgery and they require a week to 10 days to be healthy. After surgery, almost all children will have a mild to severe pain in their throat. Some children will feel pain in the ears, jaws, and neck. Your child’s doctor will suggest a medication to reduce the pain.
During the period of recovery, it is very important for your child to rest adequately. Give your child plenty of fluid. However, in the first 24 hours of surgery, the child should avoid giving milk products. Although throat pain can make your child reluctant to eat. The sooner your children eat, the sooner they will become well.
After several days of surgery, your child may experience a slight fever and some drops of blood from the nose or saliva. If the fever is more than 102 degrees Fahrenheit or you see a lack of blood in his body then immediately call your child’s doctor. An urgent medical examination may be required.
Risks and complications of tonsillitis (tonsils)
Risk factors of tonsillitis
The causes of risk for tonsillitis include:
- Youth – Tonsillitis is most commonly seen in children, but rarely seen in children under 2 years of age. Tonic dilation due to bacteria is the most common at the age of 5 to 15 years, whereas viral tonsillitis is more common in young children.
- More exposure to germs – Children with school age live near their peers and often fall into the grip of viruses or bacteria, which can cause tonsillitis.