What is skin allergy?
Skin allergy is an allergic reaction to stimulant substances or allergens. Skin allergies can be caused by many factors, such as infections, immune system disorders, and responses to medications. There are many types of skin allergies, such as eczema, dermatitis, angioedema etc. Allergic reactions may be caused by soap, moisturizer, and even clothing. Its symptoms include flaky and itchy skin, redness, blisters, veils, and rashes etc. Skin allergies can also occur on the whole body or in some parts of the body.
Its treatments include taking medicines, making the skin feel relieved and itching and burning sensation and treating the underlying problems that cause skin allergies. Some common drugs used for skin allergies include antihistamine, corticosteroid, caratolytic combinations, and skin barrier emollients.
- Types of skin allergies
- Symptoms of skin allergies
- Reasons for skin allergies
- Measures to Prevent Skin Allergy
- Testing of skin allergy
- Treatment of skin allergy
- What should you eat in skin allergies?
Types of skin allergies
How many types of skin allergy can be?
Eczema – This is a common skin problem, which affects infants more than adults. This disease is due to dryness in the skin, causing irritation and swelling. It is often associated with asthma, allergic rhinitis and other types of food allergies.
Dermatitis – This is a type of allergic reaction, which occurs when the skin comes in contact with certain types of allergic substances or alloys. Some people get an allergic reaction from alloys such as nickel, which leads to red rashes, irritation, and itching.
Urticaria – This is also a type of allergic problem, it is also known as Hives several times. When the immune system produces histamine hormone, then this problem begins to occur. Due to this, small blood vessels are affected by the skin and it develops swelling.
Angioedema – This is a problem of swelling under the skin. Usually, it is reacting to a trigger (stimulant), such as a medication
Symptoms of skin allergies
What are the symptoms of skin allergy?
There are different types of skin allergies. This can happen in eczema, atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, hives or angioedema. Some signs of skin allergies can be:
- Red Spots
- Becoming a skin or lump
- Skin on the skin
- Skin cracking
- Red, itchy or dry skin. (Read more – Treatment of breast itching)
- The fluid starts to leak and it becomes scabbed when it is scratched, which means that it is also infected.
- Eczema is often seen in the face in infants.
- The rash of the children is often on the knees and elbow joints, behind the elbows and behind the ear.
- Risks to teens and young adults are often where the children are. Apart from this, they also get rashes on hands and feet.
- Hives are pink or yellowish swelling, which looks like wallets. It can be on any part of the skin.
- In each person, the hives can stay in particular from one minute to several hours or at different times.
- As the old hives begin to disappear, new hives begin to develop.
- These may vary in size, which can range from a few millimeters to a few inches and connect with each other to form a large size swelling.
- Hives are usually itchy, but occasionally irritation can also occur.
Contact Dermatitis –
- Contact dermatitis is a condition in which the skin gets blisters after exposure to a particular substance and develops inflammation, redness and burning sensation.
- There may be two types of contact dermatitis, irritants and allergic.
- Where the skin in contact dermatitis touches allergic substances, redness, itching, lump or swelling occurs.
- There may be a delay in the reaction from contact dermatitis, after one or more days of contact, the rashes begin to appear.
- The red rash emerging in the rocks can be formed in the form of moist or wet shells or can be flaky, scaly or thick.
Angioedema is swelling inside the skin, which usually affects the lip, lips, and tongue.
- Angioedema is often seen with hives. This often happens when the skin layer becomes inflamed, irritable and reddish. Angioedema often occurs in soft tissues, such as eyelids, mouth or genitalia etc.
- Sometimes it develops into a serious condition for life, such as if it is in the neck or associated with the problem of difficulty in breathing.
When should the doctor show up –
You should show the doctor if:
- An allergic reaction is done near your eyes.
- A major part of the body has been afflicted by allergic reactions.
- You are unable to control itching without prescription medicines.
- If the rocks are showing signs of infection (Pugs, odors, swelling, rashes, rashes or red streaks in the rash, or feeling hot due to touching the skin, indicating signs of infection in the rocks.)
Angioedema affects the lips and throat, causing breathing difficulties. In such a situation, the doctor should be shown immediately.
Reasons for skin allergies
What causes the skin to be allergic?
Skin allergic reaction is quite normal, due to which it is difficult to find out the reasons.
Eczema (atopic dermatitis) –
- Atopic dermatitis or eczema, especially in children, is a common problem.
- It is believed that this problem is due to any type of defect in the skin barrier. Because of the problem in the skin barrier, there is a problem of dryness, swelling and burning in the skin. Some types of food sensitivity can also make eczema symptoms worse and worse.
- The eczema problem is often associated with asthma, allergic rhinitis, or food allergic reactions.
- If your parents have any of these problems, then the chances of developing eczema increase in you.
- When your immune system releases histamine hormone, leakage in the blood vessels begins. In this condition, skin develops bloating and burning problems or hives.
- Urticaria or hives are of two types, chronic and acute.
Acute arteries occur when you eat a particular type of food or come in contact with a particular trigger such as heat or exercise. Apart from this, some types of medicines, food and insect bites also result in acute arteriais problem.
o Chronic arterial is a long-term problem. It can last for several months.
Allergic reactions to dermatitis –
- When the skin rashes begin to come in contact with allergic substances, then this condition is called allergic contact dermatitis.
- For example, many people are allergic to nickel metal. It is a metal that is found in many household items.
- Contact with plants such as poison, ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac etc. can also lead to allergic contact dermatitis. These plants contain an oil that produces itching and red rash.
Angioedema or swelling –
- The condition of swelling in the depth of the skin is called angioedema.
- Angioedema may start with different people for different reasons. The reasons for starting this may be:
o Food allergies such as snails, nuts (almonds), eggs and milk etc.
o Allergic reactions to any medication
o Cut or sting through insects, especially by bee and wasp etc.
o Latex allergens.
Other allergic reactions are also possible, as well as the body’s immunity works in the following ways in the following ways:
- Stress, anxiety
- Temperature change – hot or cold
- Exerting heavy/heavy exercise
Skin Allergy Remedies –
How to protect against skin allergy?
To prevent skin allergies, the following things should be taken into account:
Avoid triggers you know –
Even if you are getting treatment for skin allergy, try to avoid these allergic substances. For example, if you are allergic to pollen, then when the pollen is high in the air, stay inside the house and close the window and door. If you are allergic to dust particles, dust or vacuum, often keep the bed clean.
- Avoid smoking and drinking.
- Try to avoid spicy and non-healthy foods.
- Cover the special areas of the body before contacting the sun.
- Use sunscreen written by the doctor.
- Wear loose clothing so that rashes do not come in contact with the clothes you wear.
Screening of skin allergy –
How is test allergy tested/diagnosed?
During your testing, the doctor will ask you a few questions about your symptoms and your previous medical condition. The doctor will also make a physical test for you. To find out your skin allergy, a doctor can suggest you do the following test:
- Complete blood count
- Skin Prick Test
- Skin injection test
- patch test
The blood test is done to detect the presence of the following –
- Immunoglobulin E (an increase in allergies)
- Increase in eosinophil count
Skin Prick Test –
Skin prick test is also called a puncture test or scratch test. It is immediately tested for allergic reactions. This allows more than 40 types of substances to be tested at a time.
In adults, this test is usually performed on the arm wrist. In children, this test is usually done in the upper part of the back. (Read more: Tonsils: Types, Symptoms, Prevention, Treatment)
Skin Injection Test –
In this test, a small amount of allergic substance is injected into your skin while using a needle, it is also called the intradermal test. After 15 minutes of injecting, the signs and signs of allergies are examined in that place. In order to detect allergic reactions in the place of pests or penicillin, doctors can recommend this test.
Patch test –
Patch tests are used to find out if any particular substance is triggering an allergic reaction. Delayed allergic reactions can be detected in patch testing, which takes some days to develop.
The needle is not used in the patch test. Instead, allergic substances are placed on a patch and then the patch is pasted on the skin for some limited time.
Treatment of skin allergy
How is skin allergy treatment done?
The treatment of skin allergy is done to protect against allergic substances.
- Skin cream –
Some skin creams such as hydrocortisone cream and lacto calamine lotion are considered better for skin allergies. Aloe vera gel also helps in reducing itching.
Dry skin is prone to allergies quickly and easily, always avoid moisturizing your skin to avoid it.
- Antihistamine medicines –
Take antihistamine medicines to avoid allergies. Antihistamine means that when the patient is allergic to pollen, dust, or animals, and consequently their nose closure or continuously sneezes.
- Antibiotics –
If doctors think that eczema has developed due to bacterial infection, then in such a way, the doctor can prescribe antibiotics.
- Oatmeal Bath –
Grind oatmeal (porridge) and mix its powder well in water. It calms the pain of some people’s skin inflammation, burning sensation, and redness. Use lukewarm water to use it, when it gets warmer, it can cause irritation in the skin and dryness in the skin.
- Cooling –
Burning with cold water or bathing with cold water can cause irritation of the wheels in silence. Slowly dry them and then moisturize them.
- Auto Adrenaline Injector –
Those people with severe allergies should keep an auto-injector with them, which can be used in emergency situations.
What should I eat in skin allergy?
What should you eat if you have skin allergies?
If you are suffering from skin allergy then you should eat the following foods.
Beans – contains essential nutrients, glucose, and proteins. Which help in the development of new skin to help correct your rocks.
Colorful Fruits and Vegetables – Enough of brightly colored fruits and vegetables promotes cure and helps in reducing inflammation. Among these are vitamin A, which is important for the health of the immune system.
Foods rich in Vitamin C– Increasing intake of rich in Vitamin C increases the treatment of skin rashes. Vitamin C as an antioxidant can help protect your skin from stress, which reduces swelling.
Eat the following food items:
- Green and capsicum
- green and red chilies
- Fish – There are plenty of omega-3 fatty acids in fatty fish, which help in reducing inflammation.