Infection: Types, Signs, Prevention, Treatment
What is the infection?
The infection occurs when an external organism enters the body of a person and damages it. These organisms use the person’s body to survive, to reproduce and settle down. These infectious organisms are known as pathogens. Examples of pathogens include “bacteria”, “virus”, fungus / “fungi” and “prion”. Pathogenic are quickly multiplied and adapted in another environment.
Some infections are mild and do not pay attention to them, but some can be serious and deadly. There is no effect of treatment on some infections. The virus can spread in various ways, such as skin contact, contact with someone else’s body fluids, contact with sewage and particles present in the air. The infection can also spread by touching the object touched by the infected person. Depending on how the infection spreads and its effect on the body depend on the type of pathogenic infection.
The immune system can stop the infectious agent, but the immune system is not effective in preventing large numbers of them. In such cases the virus becomes harmful.
Many leprosy poisons leave the toxicity, which has a very bad effect on the body.
- Types of Infection
- How is the Infection
- Signs of Infection
- Due to Infections and risk factors
- Prevention against Infection
- Testing of Infection
- Treatment of Infection
- Complications of Infection
Types of infection
What are the types of infection?
The following are various types of pathogenic agents (infections):
- Parasites (Parasites: Parasites)
These agents vary in size, shape, and effects on the body.
Some common types of infections are:
- Bacterial Infection
Bacteria are cellular microorganisms called prokaryotes. Bacteria can remain mostly in every type of environment, such as extreme heat and excessive winter. Some bacteria can survive even on Radioactive waste. (Read more: Tonsils: Types, Symptoms, Prevention, Treatment)
Some examples of bacterial infection are:
o Food piecing
o infection of the eye
o Skin infection
o Sexually Transmitted Disease
o Bacterial meningitis
o Otitis media (virus in the middle ear)
o Upper respiratory tract infection
o Swelling in the stomach (gastritis)
o Urine infection
- Viral infection
Viral infections are caused by the virus. Viruses can stay inactive for a long time before multiplying, so it seems that the person is healthy, but the virus can become sick if it is activated again.
Following are some examples of viral infections –
o Zika virus
o common cold
o Encephalitis and meningitis
o Swine flu
o Wart and skin infections
o Hepatitis C
- Fungal infection
The fungus is mostly multicellular parasite. There are some good bacteria in the body that balance the microorganisms in body parts. If these good bacteria are destroyed, then the fungus starts growing in the body, health problems can occur.
Some examples of fungal infection are:
- athlete’s foot
- Some eye movements
How is infection
How does the infection spread?
Infections can spread in the following ways –
- Direct contact
The easiest way to spread the virus is to come in contact with a person or animal who is already infected. These are the following ways:
- In animal-to-person – By cutting or scratching of an animal you may have a virus (also from pets). In some cases, it may be fatal. Exposure to animal feces can also be dangerous.
- Infection from one person to another – The virus spreads from one person to another, by touching someone else or sneezing and coughing around. Germs of infection also spread through the exchange of body fluids during sexual activity.
- Mother to a child – During pregnancy, a pregnant woman can spread the virus in her child. Some germs can also spread through the placenta (placenta: umbilicus) to the child. Germs present in the vagina can spread to the child during delivery.
- Indirect contact
Germs spreading infections can also spread through indirect ways. These are the following ways:
- Insect bites – Some insects spread through bites of mosquitoes, lice, and other small insects. If you have been infected by an infected insect or mosquito, you may also be infected. For example, mosquitoes spread malaria germs.
- Avoid poor food – Germs can spread by eating bad food or drinking water. In this way, many people can get infected at once.
- Touching objects – If you touch your eyes, nose or mouth after touching any such item that was touched by the person infected with cold or cold, without having to wash your hands, you may also be infected.
Signs of Infection
What are the symptoms of infection?
Every disease caused by infections has different symptoms. Some of the common symptoms are:
- Muscle pain
- A cough
When to show the doctor?
Go to your doctor immediately under the following circumstances –
- Rashes and swelling
- Fever for long without any reason
- Coughing up to a week
- Fever with a high headache
- Problems of sudden glance
- Cutting an animal
- Difficulty breathing
Due to infections and risk factors
What are the causes of infection?
Problems with infections occur in the following ways:
Problems like Ringworm and “Athlete’s foot” are due to fungi. Some other types of fungus can affect your lungs and nervous system.
Bacteria are transitive to the throat, urine infections, and TB.
Viruses are smaller than bacteria, but they can do normal infections such as AIDS.
Malaria is caused by a small parasite that spreads through mosquito bites. Other types of parasites can be exposed to animals by exposure to them.
What are the risk factors for having an infection?
Infection can happen to anyone, but if your immune system is not functioning properly, then you are more prone to virus. Your immune system may be weakened –
- Your sleep is not complete.
- You have cancer that directly affects the bones, such as “leukemia” and “lymphoma”.
- Your chemotherapy or ongoing.
- You are taking steroids or medicines that block your immune system’s work.
- You have HIV or AIDS.
- You have some types of cancer or disorders that affect your immune system.
- Your age is high.
- You have sugar.
- Radiation therapy has been used in large parts of your body or on pelvic, legs, chest and abdomen.
- There are no medical devices installed in your body.
- You have malnutrition.
Prevention of infection
How can the infection be avoided?
You can take the following measures to avoid infection –
- Have a good and balanced diet.
- Do not eat raw food and wash and cook fruits and vegetables.
- Wear gloves while doing household chores, especially cleaning.
- Do not expose animal feces and urine.
- If you are sick stay at home.
- Clear your teeth and gums with a soft brush. Use mouthwash if your doctor or dentist recommends.
- Do not eat raw milk and made from it.
- Investigate for sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV and Hepatitis B and save yourself from using condoms.
- If you have a fever, vomiting or diarrhea, do not go to the office and if your child has these symptoms, do not send it to school.
- Do not get in touch with the sick people.
- Do not share food, utensils, toothbrushes and makeup items.
- Wash your hands well and frequently and make hand sanitizers, especially after coming to the bathroom and before eating.
- Bathe daily.
- Apply lotion to protect the skin from drying and bursting.
- Be careful while using fast things like scissors and knives.
- Vaccines are available for most diseases, ask the doctor about giving this vaccine to your child.
- Relax enough
Test of infection
How is infection detected?
In the epidemic of the virus, the doctor is able to identify other matters related to infection.
The following tests are done for other infections –
- Swab test
Samples are taken for testing by a disinfectant swab from your throat or other moist areas of the body.
- Stool test
You may be asked to take a sample of your stool to examine parasites and other organisms.
- Imaging Test
X-ray, CT scan and MRI test can be traced to cause symptoms.
- Blood test
Blood can be tested in the body for the presence of “antigen” (Antigen: proteins present in the virus that activates the body’s immune system). Blood tests can also be done to check the “antibody” (Antibody: proteins made by the body to avoid the virus) present in the body.
- Urine test
In the urine test, you are asked to do urine in a vessel or utensil. To protect the urine sample from contamination, you can first be asked to clean your genitals with antiseptic pads.
In a biopsy, a small sample is taken to test the body tissue from an internal organ. Like the types of fungi that can be pneumonia from a biopsy of lung tissue can be detected.
Treatment of Infection –
How is the treatment of infection?
Knowing the type of germs that are a virus, your doctor chooses the right treatment. The following are the treatments –
- Antifungal drugs
Anti-fungal drugs used on the skin to fix skin and nail virus. Anti-fungal medicines can be used to treat lungs and mucous membranes. Anti-fungal drugs used by nerves are used to cure serious virus in the body inside the body.
- Antispastic drugs
Some diseases like malaria are due to small parasites. Medicines are available to correct the virus caused by these parasites, but they do not affect some parasites.
If there is a known type of bacterial infections, it becomes easier to cure it. Sometimes it is difficult to find out which virus is causing the insect. Some types of pneumonia are caused by viruses, and some are due to bacteria.
- Antiviral drugs
Antiviral medicines have been prepared for the treatment of some viruses, such as HIV / AIDS, herpes, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and influenza.
- lifestyle changes and home remedies
Many diseases like colds recover themselves. Drink plenty of fluids and relax a lot.
Some substances protect against infections, such as Karonda, Garlic, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, and Zinc.
Complications of infection
What are the complications of infection?
Much of the virus related to infections are very complicated, but diseases such as pneumonia, AIDS, and meningitis can be fatal. Some types of virus increase the risk of developing cancer.
- Helicobacter pylori are considered related to stomach cancer and peptic ulcer.
- Hepatitis B and C are considered related to liver cancer.
- HPV is considered to be associated with cervical cancer.
Diseases related to some virus are first cured and after some time they affect you again. Like a person who has chicken pox, it can be shingles several years later.