Pain in the ear or ear pain is such a pain, which is in the inner part of the ear. Most ear pain is due to inflammation or infection in the middle of the ear. Although ear pain is mostly seen in children, adults may also develop problems in the middle ear or infection like otitis media. Pain in the ear generally does not indicate a serious problem, but it can be quite painful.
Ear pain may be experienced in a fast, medium, or ear-burn, its pain can continue or it can be stable.
- Types of ear pain
- Symptoms of ear pain
- Causes of ear pain
- Prevention of ear pain
- Testing of ear pain
- Cure of ear pain
- Complications of ear pain
Type of ear pain
What are the types of pain in the ear?
Primary ear pain:
An earache can be due to any disease of the middle, outer or inner ear, such as in the middle ear infection. But in terms of experiencing pain, these three types of pain in the ear feel the same.
External ear pain can be:
- Mechanical – such as trauma, external objects such as hair, insects or cotton.
- Infected (outer earshot/otitis External)
Medium ear pain can be:
- Mechanical – such as trauma due to pressure, eustachian tube, and otitis media etc.
- Inflamed or infected – acute otitis media, mastitis (mastitis)
Specified ear pain (Secondary):
Pain from other parts of the body can reach the ear. For example, due to the cavity in a tooth, pain in the ear is also present. Due to the inflammation of the dental pulp, decay occurs in the teeth, causing pain to the teeth.
Other causes associated with dental conditions can also cause ear pain:
- Temporomandibular joint dysfunction
- Impacted third molar teeth
- Wounds in the mouth or under the tongue
Symptoms of ear pain
What symptoms can be seen with pain in the ear?
Pain in the ear can be associated with pain and problems.
- A toothache or abscesses, toothache
- Becoming wax in the ear, some stuck in the ear, holes in the ear screen (due to acute sound or accident)
- Pain during pain, throat pain or tonsillitis
- Fever, ear infections or colds
When should the doctor show up?
If you are feeling the following symptoms with ear pain, then the doctor should show:
- High fever
- Swelling around the ear
- To get fluid from the ear
- Something trapped in the ear
- Pain in one ear more than 3 days
- Decrease or change in hearing
- Other symptoms, such as nausea and vomiting, severe pain in the throat
- Dizziness, headache, swelling around the ear, or weakening of the face muscles
- Serious pain which stops suddenly (this can be an indication of the bursting of the ear)
- Symptoms like pain, irritability, and fever which last for 24 to 48 hours.
Causes of ear pain
Why is a pain in the ear and what are the risk factors for it?
The Eustachian tube travels from the middle of the ear to the back of the throat. Its work has to be removed from the liquid in the middle of the ear. If the eustachian tube stops, then due to excessive fluid, pressure may be formed behind the rear screen or there may be ear infections. (Read more: How to prevent Infection)
The reason for an earache in adults is less likely to be due to infection in their ears. The pain felt in the ear is probably happening at some other place, such as a tooth, jaw joint (temporomandibular joint), or throat etc. This is called ‘referred pain’.
The causes of ear pain may include the following.
- Arthritis in the jaw
- Ephemeral ear infection
- Chronic ear infection
- Damage from the change in pressure (due to height position and other reasons)
- Any object or matter stuck in the ear
- Becoming ear wax (having mail in the ear)
- Ear-hole holes
- Sinus infection
- Throat pain
- Temporoméduumular Joint Syndrome
- Infection in tooth
Pain in the ears of a child or infant can also be due to an ear infection and other reasons may include the following.
- Breastfeeding in newborns and young children is the most common cause of ear infections, due to which they have pain in their ears
- Stimulate the ear canal with cotton wool
- Shampoo or soap in the ear
- Swim or take bath in the water where there is a high risk of ear infections like swimming or bathing in water which is bacterial in large amounts. The water or pool, which is made of a sufficient quantity of chlorine, reduces the risk of spreading bacteria.
- The habit of washing your ears repeatedly can also cause ear infections. Due to very little space in the ear canal, it becomes more likely to retain water. Children’s ear canals are less open than adults. Simultaneously, the use of headphones, skin allergies, eczema, hair problems caused by hair products, etc. can also cause an earache and infection in the outer area of the ear.
Pain relief in the ear
How to prevent ear pain?
Ear pain can be prevented with the help of the methods given below –
- Do not smoke around children, smoke from other person’s smoking may also cause ear infections in children.
- Do not place any external object in the ear (like headphones and other ear devices) to prevent external ear infections.
- After drying or swimming, dry your ears well.
- Avoid allergic reactions and try to stop it from getting allergic.
Ear pain test
How to test/diagnose pain in the ear?
- On the basis of previous medical and health information, establishing the correct cause of pain in the ear is generally possible.
- Those who take adult tobacco or alcohol, it is important to check for cancer by ensuring that the pain in the ear is not due to cancer.
- The ear should be examined, by an ear, nose and throat specialist (ENT specialist) so that the problem of infection and curtain bursts can be examined properly.
Cure of ear pain
How to treat ear pain?
Below are some of the ways that work in relief of ear pain –
- To reduce ear pain, keep the cold wet cloth or cold pack on the outer part of the ear for 20 minutes.
Chewing decreases pressure during an earache and ear infections. (Careful Chounamam can be dangerous for children)
- Instead of lying on the opposite side, resting in a straight condition and resting in the middle ear can reduce the pressure.
- If the curtain is not cracked, then some over the counter medicines can be used to reduce the pain. (Medicines received without chemotherapy from chemists are called over the counter medicines)
- Over the counter painkillers such as aspirin or ibuprofen are provided with relief from ear pain. (Do not give aspirin medicine to children)
Due to changes in height, for ear pain, such as being in the plane –
- As soon as the plane landed, try to swallow some or swallow chewing gum.
- Nipple or breastfeeding to suck babies.
Complications of ear pain
What are the complications of pain in the ear?
- If external ear infections are not treated, it can not be cured by itself and its consequences can also lead to serious complications.
- Boils can occur in the affected area around the ear, which can be fine by itself or doctors may be required to correct them.
- Due to prolonged ear infections, ear canals can be narrowed. Due to the narrowing of the tube, the patient’s hearing capacity may be reduced and in severe cases, it can also cause deafness. It should be treated with antibiotics.
- Ear rupture or holes in it may also be a complexity of ear infections, which is due to inserting something else in the ear. It can be very painful. Its symptoms may include a hearing loss for some time, listening to sound in the ear or resonating, fluid or bleeding etc.
In some rare cases, Necrotizing Otitis Externa can occur, in which ear infections and spreads widely. This is a very serious complication, in which the infection between the bones and cartilage (hard and flexible white tissue) spreads around the ear. Adults who have weakened immune system, risk more and more for them. Leaving it untreated can be deadly. If the following symptoms appear, it should be considered an emergency medical problem, such as:
- Severe ear pain and headache, especially during the night.
- Fluid from the ear constantly.
- The face of the face or the inclination of the face towards the affected ear.
- Bone visible in an ear canal.