Diabetes: Types, Symptoms, Testing, Treatment

Diabetes: Types, Symptoms, Testing, Treatment

Diabetes: Types, Symptoms, Testing, Treatment

Diabetes is a chronic disease that is lifelong with the person. Due to this, there is less production of insulin remains in the body.

  1. Types of Diabetes
  2. Symptoms of Diabetes
  3. Due to Diabetes and risk factors
  4. Rescue from Diabetes
  5. Testing of Diabetes
  6. Treatment of Diabetes
  7. It may be the treatment of type 2 diabetes, found by the scientists

Types of Diabetes

Diabetes is kept in two categories – type I sugar means that the body does not make insulin and type II sugar means that the amount of insulin in the body is not enough or insulin is present. Due to not being used correctly, due to which glucose does not go into cells and its volume increases in blood.

Type 1 sugar is an autoimmune disorder, in which white cells of the body destroy pancreatic insulin-producing cells. Therefore, type 1 patients have to make insulin in their blood through injection. There is no proper use of insulin produced in the body in type 2 sugar. Pancreatic acid does not make insulin due to the excess amount of insulin in the body. Therefore, patients of Type 2 can depend on oral medicines and proper lifestyle.

Before understanding sugar, we have to understand how our body works in the absence of sugar or how the glucose metabolism in our body.

Carbohydrate is considered as the energy giving food and carbohydrate is an important part of our diet. When we eat carbohydrate, it changes into the stomach and turns into energy called glucose. This energy has to reach the millions of cells present in our body so that the energy of the body by burning our cell glucose. This work is possible only when our pancreas produces insulin in sufficient quantity. Insulin is a hormone that regulates the body’s metabolism of carbohydrate and fat. Without insulin, glucose can not enter the cell and gets accumulated in the blood vessels. In such a way, the person does not get the strength that he wants and the person becomes ill with sugar.

Signs of Diabetes

During sugar, your body usually gets dehydrated. You feel very thirsty in dehydration.

Due to the presence of excess sugar in the blood, the kidneys do more work to clean the blood and take additional sugar out of the body by urine. This is why urine comes again and again. Excessive thirst and frequent urination are the main symptoms of sugar.

Due to not reaching glucose in the cells, the energy supply of the body is not completely complete and the patient of sugar always feels fatigue and starts to feel hungry early.

Both men and women suffering from sugar can have yeast infections, between the hands and toes, around the sex organs and under the breast.

If the level of blood sugar in the bloodstream is not properly balanced, then it can cause damage to the nerve or any organ, so it is difficult to recover the wounds of your body.

Weight loss, nausea, and vomiting, hair fall, blurred vision, skin dryness or itching are some other symptoms of sugar. If it is not treated in a timely manner then you may have to face serious complications such as kidney failure, heart attack or stroke, blindness, nerve damage etc.

It is a general assumption that sugar is the cause of sugar, but the real reason behind sugar is starch. During digestion, starch is broken into glucose, which is a type of Diabetes. Therefore diabetic patients can eat sugar but at reasonable doses. Control your sugar by controlling your carbohydrate in your diet.

The best way to prevent sugar is to keep this information and adopt a healthy lifestyle.

Due to Diabetes and risk factors

Genetics are also due to diabetes
Diabetes due to lack of exercise
Sugar consumption is due to bad diet intake
Obesity is the cause of diabetes
Due to diabetes, changes in insulin are due
Pregnancy is also due to Diabetes
The age-related to diabetes is related

Genetics are also due to diabetes
Researchers have not fully understood the role of genetics in the development of sugar. If parents have sugar then it can affect their children too. Genetics plays a role in determining how likely you are to develop sugar.

Diabetes due to lack of exercise
Exercise muscular tissue gives a better response to insulin. This is the reason why regular aerobic exercise and resistance training can reduce your risk of sugar. Talk to your doctor about the exercise plan, which is safe for you.

Sugar is due to poor diet intake
Bad nutrition can contribute to type 2 diabetes. Higher diet in calories, fat, and cholesterol boost your insulin resistance.

Obesity is the cause of diabetes
Excess fat in the body can cause insulin resistance. Fatty tissue can cause inflammation, which can increase insulin. But people with some overweight sugar do not develop, so more research is required regarding the relationship between obesity and sugar.

Due to diabetes, changes in insulin are due
Lack of insulin production can be type 1 sugar. This happens when the cells producing insulin are damaged or destroyed and the production of insulin is stopped. Insulin is needed to transfer blood sugar to the whole body. As a result, the lack of insulin leaves a lot of sugar in the blood, which is not enough in the cells for energy.

Insulin resistance can be type 2 sugar. This occurs when insulin is normally produced in the pancreas, but the body is unable to carry glucose in the cells for energy. To overcome body resistance, the pancreas produces more insulin, but cells can not send insulin forward. Which causes type 2 sugar.

Pregnancy is also due to Diabetes
A small percentage of pregnant women can develop gestational sugar. It is estimated that the hormones developed in the umbilical cord interfere with the body’s insulin reaction. It leads to high levels of insulin resistance and glucose in the blood. During pregnancy, women with gestational sugar are more at risk for developing type 2 diabetes later.

The age-related to diabetes is related
According to research, a risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases with age as well. Especially after the age of 45. Although incidents of type 2 diabetes are increasing in children, teenagers, and youth. Due to age, less exercise, muscle reduction, and weight loss etc. are the possible causes.

Rescue from Diabetes

Diabetes is a lifelong disease that has no cure. By controlling sugar, problems related to it such as heart attack, stroke, nerve and limb damage, blindness etc. can be prevented. Changes in simple lifestyle and diet can greatly reduce sugar. sugar is a disease whose weight is not only on your health but also on your wax. Diabetics can not completely stop drugs or injections, but by following Ayurvedic treatment, they can reduce the need for medicines or injections.

What to eat in diabetes
Exercise for diabetes
Essential sleep is essential to avoid Diabetes
Quitting smoking Prevention of diabetes
Reducing obesity may lead to a diabetes diagnosis
Stay away from stress to get rid of diabetes

What to eat in diabetes

The best way to manage your diet is to control sugar. Include bitter gourd, barley, wheat, turmeric, black pepper, garlic, flax seeds, blueberry and berries in your diet. Eat cooked rice instead of normal rice and avoid eating cough (ghee, curd, rice, potato etc.). Eat green tea or basil tea every morning. Empty stomach Blueberry leaves are traditional Ayurvedic remedies to reduce blood glucose levels in the food body.

Exercise for diabetes

Physical exercise is one of the best ways to prevent sugar. Exercise for at least 150 minutes in the week. Walking in aerobics, swimming, gymnastics, and fasting in sugar is very beneficial. You can start with light exercises and slowly increase their intensity. Those patients who consume insulin should get their blood checked glucose levels before exercising. If it is 250 mg/dl or more then you should not exercise. Walking is very important in diabetics. Sitting for a long time can spoil your condition. Take a walk after every 90 minutes or any other walk you do.

To avoid Diabetes, it is necessary to have enough sleep

Excessive sleeping and sleep deficiency can also worsen your condition. It can also put your health at risk. Get enough sleep. Avoid sleeping during the night and avoid sleeping during the day.

Quitting smoking diabetes prevention

Avoid smoking and drinking in diabetes. It enhances the cough defect.

Reducing obesity may lead to a diagnosis of sugar

Make a healthy BMI your goal and work on it. Typically, a person with a BMI between 18.5 and 24.9 is considered to be healthy. Obesity is a major cause for sugar and you have to face obesity in order to deal with sugar. Follow a balanced diet and do regular weight-loss exercises.

Stay away from stress to get rid of diabetes

Stress increases sugar so keep yourself stress-free and be happy.

Sugar Testing

Blood sugar test measures a type of sugar called glucose in your blood. Here are various types of blood glucose tests that tell you whether you have sugar or not –

  1. Test to diagnose sugar
  2. Criteria for sugar Diagnosis

Test to diagnose sugar

  • Empty stomach blood glucose is examined sugar Test.
  • The way to test sugar is to check blood sugar after eating.
  • Examine sugar Random Blood Sugar Test.
  • Oral glucose tolerance test is useful in checking blood sugar.
  • Hemoglobin A1c test is the method of diagnosing sugar.
  • An empty stomach is investigating blood sugar Tests.

In this test, the person does not eat anything for at least 8 hours in order to check the amount of sugar in the blood. This is often the first test that examines for pre-sugar and sugar.

The way to test sugar is to check blood sugar after eating

The level of blood glucose is checked exactly after 2 hours of eating this test. This is not a test used for the diagnosis of sugar. This test is used to see if diabetics are taking the right amount of insulin with food.

Examine Diabetes Random Blood Sugar Test

Blood glucose is examined regardless of what you ate for the last time in the Random Blood Sugar Test. Several random measurements can be made throughout the day. A random test is useful because the level of glucose among healthy people does not vary widely throughout the day. The level of blood glucose varies widely, it can mean a problem. This test is also called an abnormal blood glucose test.

Oral glucose tolerance test is a useful blood glucose check

Oral glucose tolerance test is used to diagnose pre-sugar and diabetes. Oral glucose tolerance test is a series of blood glucose measurements made after drinking a sweetened beverage containing glucose. This test is usually used to diagnose sugar during pregnancy. During pregnancy, women with high blood glucose levels may have an oral glucose tolerance test after pregnancy.

Hemoglobin A1c test is the method of diagnosing diabetes

Hemoglobin A1c test measures how much sugar (glucose) exists in red blood cells. This test can be used to diagnose sugar. This test also shows how well your sugar has been controlled in the last 2 to 3 months and whether you need to change your sugar medication. Your A1c test results can be used to estimate your average blood glucose levels. This is called your estimated average glucose.

Criteria for Diabetes Diagnosis

If any of the results outlined below is based on the test of your test then you are more likely to get diabetes:

  • If blood glucose level is equal to or greater than 126 mg/dl in the empty stomach blood sugar level.
  • If the level of blood sugar is equal to or more than 200 mg/dl in the result of post-blood sugar intake (2-hour postprandial blood sugar).
  • Feeling thirsty, frequent urination and without losing weight, such as symptoms and your blood glucose level in Random Blood Sugar Test is equal to or more than 200 mg/dl.
  • If the level of blood sugar is equal to or more than 200 mg/dl in the result of an oral glucose tolerance test.
  • In the hemoglobin A1c test, if the level of blood glucose is 6.5% or higher.
  • If your empty stomach blood sugar test is between 100 mg / dL and 125 mg/dl or your food after blood sugar probation and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is between 140 to 199 mg/dl or your Hemoglobin A1c is between 5.7% to 6.4%, then you have pre-diabetes. This means that your blood glucose is above normal but is not enough to be diabetic. Discuss with your doctor how often you need to be tested. Your doctor can repeat the test to confirm the diagnosis of diabetes.

Treatment of Diabetes

Diabetes is a disease that has many types of medicines available for the treatment, some of which have similar effects and therefore such medicines are classified in the same category. Let’s go about diabetes medicines –

  • Insulin for Diabetes Treatment
  • Treat diabetes with metformin
  • The drug of diabetes is sulphonylurea
  • Treat glycine curable diabetes
  • Sugar medicine is alpha-glucosidase inhibitors
  • Thiazolidinedione is a drug for diabetes
  • DPP-4 inhibitors are useful in diabetes
  • Diabetes Treatment is Increat Emmett Drugs
  • Amylin analog for the treatment of diabetes

Insulin for Diabetes Treatment –
Insulin is a hormone that helps control blood sugar. Many types of insulin are available in medicine, some insulin work throughout the day, and while some insulin function for a few hours.

However, for people with insulin type 1 sugar and also, there are those who have type 2 sugar, who have not given a better response to oral medicines (pills).

Treat diabetes with metformin –
In the category of bactericide drugs, only a drug is known as metformin of sugar is available.

Biguanide prevents the liver from producing glucose and helps improve body sensitivity by insulin. Metformin is usually used as a treatment for type 2 sugar and can sometimes be set in combination with insulin for people with type 1 sugar.

The drug of diabetes is sulphonylurea –
Sulfonylurea is a class of antidiabetic drug for type 2 sugar.

The following drugs are included in the sulfonylureas class (brand names are mentioned in the bracket):

Glibenclamide – also known as glyburide.
GliCiodon (Glurorum))
Glycopoiramide (Dylline-S)
Glimepiride (Amaryl) Glimepiride

Sulfonylurea works by increasing the amount of insulin by helping the pancreas to make additional insulin and additionally increases the functioning of insulin. The action of sulphonylurea means that increasing the hypoglycemia and weight can generally lead to side effects.

Treat glycine diabetes –
Glinides are a class of medication that has a similar reaction to sulphonylureas, but it works for a short time. Meglitinides are defined to take people with type 2 sugar half an hour before eating. Since these drugs work for lesser periods than sulphonylureas then there is a small possibility of having side effects such as hypoglycemia and weight gain.

Examples of prandial glucose regulators (brand name in the bracket):

Repaglinide (Prandin)
Nateglinide (Starks)
Sugar medicine is alpha-glucosidase inhibitors –
There are drugs for alpha-glucosidase inhibitors type 2 sugar such as acarbose or mimititis (glysat) (Glyset) that slow down the digestion of carbohydrate in the small intestine and hence help reduce blood glucose levels. Maybe.

Thiazolidinedione is a drug for diabetes –
Thiazolidinediones, also known as glitazone, is a drug for type 2 sugar, which helps in improving insulin sensitivity and has been found to help reduce triglyceride levels.

However, recently publicly its long-term security has been seen as a question.

In September 2010, popularly known medicines called Rosiglitazone (Avandia) rosiglitazone (Avandia) in this class were banned by the European Medicine Agency for use on heart attack concerns.

Pioglitazone (Actos)  was also linked to the cases of bladder cancer. But the danger was not considered enough to ban the drug in the UK.

DPP-4 Inhibitors is useful in diabetes –
DPP-4 inhibitors, also called gliptin, have a range of medicines that help in the production of insulin and reduce the production of glucagon, especially during digestion.

DPP-4 inhibitors are generally set for people with type 2 diabetes who have not responded to drugs such as metformin and sulphonylureas.

In this medicine category, the following medicines (trade names in brackets) include:

Linagliptin (Tradjenta)
Saxagliptin (Onglyza)
Sitagliptin (Januvia)
Vildagliptin (Galvus)
Diabetes Treatment is Increine Ammatic Drugs
Increatine ametics, also called GLP-1 analogs, is an injectable treatment for type 2 sugar.

Inktitin emetics see the imitative effect of a group of hormones that increase the production of insulin and reduce the release of glucagon similar to comparatively DPP-4 inhibitors.

The way DPP-4 blocker proteins prevent Dipeptide Peptidase-4 from destroying ecoptin hormones is not a coincidence.

GLP-1 analges has been found to be especially effective in helping to improve blood glucose levels and reduce weight.

The following GLP-1 analogs are set in the UK (brand name in the bracket):

Dulaglutide (Trulicity)
Exenatide (Byetta)
Liraglutide (Victoza)
Lixisenatide (Lyxumia)
Amylin analog for the treatment of diabetes
Amylin is a hormone produced by the pancreas and released at the time of the release of insulin, but in very small amounts (about 1% compared to insulin). Amylin helps in suppressing glucagon release, which reduces blood glucose levels after meals.

Pramlintide acetate is available in the United States as an injection medication for the treatment of type 1 and types 2 sugar.

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