Depression (sadness): Types, Symptoms, Prevention, Treatment

Depression (sadness): Types, Symptoms, Prevention, Treatment

Depression (sadness): Types, Symptoms, Prevention, Treatment

Depression (sadness) We feel sad, bad, do not have any interest in daily activities or happiness, We are aware of all these things. But when all these symptoms live longer in our lives and affect us too much, then it is called depression. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), worldwide depression (sadness) is the most common disease. And around 350 million people worldwide are affected by depression.

Depression is a mental health disorder. Especially it is a mood disorder that is constantly due to sadness and no attachment to anything. Depression (sadness) is not a problem for a few days. It is a prolonged illness. The average time of depression (sadness) episode is 6-8 months.

Mood fluctuations differ from depression. We also experience mood swings in our normal and healthy life. Our temporary emotional responses to the challenges of our daily lives do not lead to depression (sadness). Similarly, when one of our close ones is killed and we are unhappy, then that feeling is also not depression. Yes, if we are unhappy with their death for a long time then depression (sadness) can be a problem.

  • Types of “Depression”
  • Symptoms of “Depression”
  • Due to “Depression” 
  • Prevention of “Depression”
  • Testing of “Depression”
  • Treatment of “Depression”
  • Risks and complications of “Depression”

Types of Depression

Types of Depression
Types of Depression

There are many different types of “Depression”, including

1. Major “Depression”

In the major depression, the person goes into deep despair and hopeless. Major depression is marked by the combination of symptoms that work, study, sleep, eat and

The symptoms of this depression (sadness) interfere with the ability to work, study, sleep, eat and enjoy pleasurable activities. Major depression can happen only once, but often it happens several times throughout life.

2. Diastema or chronic “Depression”

About 25% of people who are admitted to the hospital for mental depression suffer from psychotic depression. In addition to symptoms of depression, people with psychotic depression can see hallucinations – seeing or listening to things that are not real or show signs of delusional irrational thinking and fear.

3. Seasonal Effective or Weather Affected “Depression”

Diastema is referred to as a depressant for long periods of time. It is not a serious form of depression, but symptoms of this depression can last for a long time. People who suffer from Diastema, they are usually able to function normally but always feel unhappy. The condition of diastema is different from major depression. Diastasis symptoms are less than major depression. In order to identify Diastema, it should be at least two years in adults and children or adolescents for one year.

4. Psychotic “Depression”

Weather-affected Depression arrives at the same time every year. Generally, it starts in spring or winter and ends at the beginning of spring or summer. A rare form of weather-affected depression is known as summer depression. It starts at the beginning of spring or summer and ends in spring.

Those who suffer from Seasonal Effective Depression (sadness), have symptoms of major depression such as sadness, irritability, lack of interest in normal activities, running away from social activities and lack of concentration etc.

5. Bipolar “Depression”

In this depression, the mind is very sad or very happy for several weeks or months. Negative thoughts in sadness and high thoughts come in a bipolar depression (sadness). In this, the person’s mind continuously goes in two different and opposite states. There is a sudden change in human behavior in this disease. Sometimes the patient is very happy and sometimes very sad.

Symptoms of “Depression”

Depending on what kind of depression, depression symptoms may vary accordingly. Depression not only affects your thoughts and feelings, it can also affect your work and your relationships with others. So let’s know about symptoms of depression –

  1. Sadness
  2. Fatigue
  3. Trouble concentrating
  4. Sadness
  5. Anger
  6. Irritability
  7. Frustration
  8. Not participate in enjoyable or fun activities
  9. Too much sleep or very little sleep
  10. The decrease in energy, craving for unhealthy food
  11. Anxiety
  12. Staying separate from others
  13. Restlessness
  14. Being worried
  15. Difficulty to think clearly or make decisions
  16. Poor performance in work or school
  17. Participation in activities
  18. Guilty
  19. Getting suicidal thoughts in mind
  20. Pain in the head or muscles
  21. Misuse of medicine or alcohol

Due to “Depression”

Depression is not an ordinary condition with a known cause. Some people are more likely to get depressed and some of them have chemotherapy. Therefore it is important to discuss your symptoms with your doctor. So let’s know, about many potential symptoms of depression –

  1. The cause of depression may be genetics
  2. The causes of depression are changes in brain
  3. The cause of depression is hormonal changes
  4. Change in weather is the cause of depression
  5. The big change in life is the cause of depression

1. “Depression” can be the cause of genetics

Depression can be from hereditary If a family member has had a depression in the past, you can also experience depression. It has not been known yet which genes are involved in depression.

2. The causes of “Depression” are changes in brain

Some people may have depression due to changes in mind. Although not yet known for its reason, it is believed that depression (sadness) begins with the functioning of the brain. Therefore, some psychiatrists take the help of brain chemistry in cases of depression.

Neurotransmitters in the brain, especially serotonin, dopamine or norepinephrine, affect the feelings of happiness and bliss and may be unbalanced in the state of depression (sadness). So far the reason for this is not known. Antidepressants work to balance neurotransmitters. It mainly balances the serotonin. Why do neurotransmitters get out of balance and what is the role of this depressed person has not yet been known.

3. The cause of “Depression” is hormonal changes

Depression can also be triggered by changes in the function of hormone production or hormone. Changes in hormones like changes in menopause, childbirth, thyroid problems or other disorders can also cause depression.

Depression problems occur in mothers after a postnatal depression. Although being sensitive to changes in hormones is quite common, but postpartum depression is a serious problem.

4. Change in weather is the cause of “Depression”

As the winter comes, and the days become smaller, many people experience difficulty in lethargy, fatigue, and everyday activities. This problem is called a weather-affected disorder (SAD). This condition usually ends when the winters are ended when the days are taller. You can take medicines or medicines from the doctor for treatment.

5. The big change in life is the cause of “Depression”

A trauma, big change in life or conflict can increase the problem of depression. Losing a loved one, being expelled from the job, facing problems related to money, or any other serious change gives birth to depression (sadness) problems in people.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a form of depression that occurs after a serious situation in life. There is often a problem of PTSD in combat soldiers returning from war. This can also be due to many incidents, due to Trauma in childhood, due to some horrific incident, due to misbehavior or assault, due to serious car accidents or other accident, someone has threatened etc.

Prevention of “Depression”

Depression is a mood disorder that can lead to your life in the dark. Do not depend on your medicine for the treatment of depression. Follow the happy lifestyle of naturally to get relief from the problem of depression and eat a pleasant diet.

  1. Diet to avoid depression
  2. The remedy to get out of depression is an exercise
  3. Remedies to overcome depression are Scripture
  4. Listen to the melodious music in the rescue of depression
  5. Depression medicine is quick to get up, sleep fast
  6. The way to get out of depression is to fulfill your hobby
  7. Diet to avoid depression

It has been scientifically proven that some foods make us feel happy. So today we tell you what kind of food you should eat to be happy and get rid of depression.

  1. What to eat in “Depression”

Eat these meals that increase the mood, which is rich in tryptophan, omega-3 fatty acids and folic acid such as asparagus, eggs, turmeric, pumpkin seeds etc. These components help to increase the level of serotonin that improves your mood. Along with the consumption of almonds and cashews, drinking green tea in the morning also helps to relieve the problem of stress. Take vitamins and magnesium in your diet. Eat fresh fruits and vegetables only. Eat food always on time Drink plenty of water and eat easily eatable food because constipation can increase your anxiety. Do not eat to avoid depression

Caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol are bad for your situation. Do not consume all types of fast food, hydrogenated oil, trans fat, refined carbohydrate, and artificial sweetener. Sugar can also damage your mood, so reduce its intake.

  1. The remedy to get out of “Depression” is exercise:

Exercise or Yoga like Halasan, Vypratashanasana, Sarangangaanan, Shavasan etc. play an important role in the treatment of depression. Meditate in the morning to correct the depressed mood and slowly breathe deeply. Then you can stroll in the morning. You will be happy with this

  1. Remedies to overcome “Depression” are Scripture

Read good books or novels related to mental spiritualism. Hear the hymn and read the scriptures. It gives you inner peace and encourages positive thoughts in your mind4. Listen to the melodious music in the rescue of depression

Get help from music to create an atmosphere of happiness around you. But do not listen to sad or heartbreaking songs. Listen to sweet and good songs. 5. The drug of depression is quick to get up, sleep fast –

Wake up with the sunrise, do not stay awake till late night. Staying awake after 10 o’clock and sleeping after 6 o’clock creates emotional tension and makes your mood slow and depressing. Remove your eyes from a laptop or mobile phone at least half an hour before sleeping. 6. The way to get out of depression is to fulfill your hobby

Fulfill your hobby which gives you happiness. Spend time with your friends and family and stay around those people who make you happy. Remove negative thoughts from your mind and fill the mind with positive thoughts.

Adopt these changes in your diet and lifestyle and live a normal and happy life.

“Depression” Testing

How to diagnose “Depression”?

The doctor can diagnose depression by following tests:

  1. Physical examination – Doctors can physically examine you, and ask you questions related to your health. In some cases, depression is caused by physical problems.
  2. Laboratory tests – Doctors can perform blood tests. Which is called a complete blood count, or can test thyroid, to make sure that it is working properly?
  3. Psychotherapy test – Doctor asks about your symptoms, thoughts, emotions, and patterns of behavior, to answer these questions, you can be asked to fill out a questionnaire.

Treatment of “Depression”

How is “Depression” treated?

Depression is a healing mental disease. Depression can be cured by the following methods:

  1. Support

2. Psychotherapy – It is also called Talking Therapy, such as – Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT).

  1. Treatment by medicines – Anti-depressants is used.


  1. Psychological or talking therapy for depression involves cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), interpersonal psychotherapy and troubleshooting treatment.
  2. CBT and Interpersonal Therapy are two main types of psychotherapy, used to cure depression. CBT can be distributed in individual sessions by face-to-face, group or telephone.

Anti-depressants medicines

These medicines are suggested by the doctor. These medicines are used to repair medium to severe depression. These medicines are not given to small children. Teenagers should also use it very carefully. For example – tricyclic anti-depressants.

Exercise and Other Cures

  1. Aerobic Exercise – Aerobic exercise can cure light depression because it stimulates neurotransmitter norepinephrine, which is related to mood.
  2. Brain stimulation treatment – including electroconvulsive therapy – is also used in depression.
  3. Electroconvulsive therapy – Serious cases of depression, which have not had a difference in the treatment of medicines, can benefit from electroconvulsive therapy (ECT); It is particularly effective for psychological depression.

Risks and complications of “Depression”

Other Troubles or Diseases Due to Depression

Women are diagnosed with depression more often than men because women are more likely to treat.

Factors that increase the risk of developing or triggering depression include –

  • Some personality traits, such as –

o Lower self-esteem

o Very dependent

o Self-critical

o pessimistic

  • Painful or stressful events – such as –

o Physical or sexual abuse

o Death or loss of one person

o A difficult relationship

o Financial problems

  • Depression to close relatives in which

o Bipolar disorder

o Liquor

o Suicide included.

  • History of other mental health disorders – such as –

o Anxiety disorder

o Eating disorder

o Post-traumatic stress disorder

  • Abuse of alcohol or recreational drugs
  • Severe or prolonged illness

o Cancer

o Stroke

o Including heart disease

Complications of “Depression”

Depression (sadness) is a serious disorder that can cause you and your family to face a lot of difficulties. If it is not treated, depression (sadness) often gets worse, resulting in emotional, behavioral, and health problems that affect every area of your life.

Examples of complications associated with “Depression” include:

  1. Excessive weight or obesity, which can lead to heart disease and sugar.
  2. Pain or physical illness.
  3. Alcohol or drug misuse.
  4. Anxiety, panic disorder or social phobia.
  5. Family Conflicts, Relationship Difficulties, and Work or School Problems
  6. Social isolation.
  7. Suicidal emotions, suicide attempts or suicide
  8. Self-distortion, such as cutting
  9. Premature death from medical conditions.

This is all about the depression a person can easily get out from this phase if he does the efforts. Get well soon…

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