Chikungunya is a viral disease caused by infected mosquitoes to humans. Due to viral disease, people have pain in fever and joint. This viral disease is for very short periods and in very rare cases it is the death of someone. But its symptoms remain longer and weaken your body. So far it has not got any vaccine or antiviral treatment. All the medicines currently used are used to relieve the symptoms rather than its causes.
The word “Chikungunya” is derived from the language of Makonde (or Kimkond), which is spoken on the Mokonde Plateau where this disease was born. Chikungunya means ‘leaning and walking’. In this disease, the patient leaning along the joint pain.
Historically Chikungunya was considered a tropical disease because it was only seen in Africa, Asia and India. Even after 2007, this disease has also arrived in Italy, France, Croatia and the Caribbean islands.
Since 2005, more than 1.9 million people in India, Indonesia, Maldives, Myanmar and Thailand have been hit by Chikungunya. Over 60 countries across the world have identified cases of Chikungunya virus in their borders.
1. Symptoms of Chikungunya
2. Because of Chikungunya
3. Rescue from chicken glands
4. Testing of Chikungunya
5. Treatment of chickengunia
6. Risks and complications of chikungunya
7. Home remedies for Chikungunya
8. What to eat, do not eat and avoid food in Chikungunya
Symptoms of chikungunya
Chikungunya is characterized by sudden fever, which often occurs with joint pain. Joint pain is often very weak, but usually lasts for a few days or can last several weeks. Other common symptoms of chickenpunce include muscular pain, headache, nausea, fatigue and red rash. Therefore, the virus can cause acute, short or long term illness.
Most patients recover completely, but some people may be suffering from joint pain for several months or years. Occasionally there are problems with eyes, neurological, cardiac, as well as gastrointestinal problems. If the disease is especially contracted by the elderly and young, then the disease is more serious. For those who have high blood pressure or diabetes, this disease creates a very serious problem. If a person has a problem of rheumatoid arthritis or joint pain before the infection, then if the infection is infected, the pain can increase further and your condition may worsen. In these patients, the effects of rheumatism can last for long. Due to this disease in elderly people, their death can also happen. Often symptoms in chikagunya-infected individuals are mild or the infection is not properly identified or the symptoms of chikinaguna also make the mistake of understanding the symptoms of dengue.
Especially if you have recently visited a region where there was chikungunya outbreak and you feel that you or your family member can have chickengunia, then immediately contact your doctor. Doctors can make blood tests to ensure chikungunya or similar diseases. If you are ill from Chikungunya, avoid the bite of new mosquito so that the virus can be prevented from spreading.
Reasons for Chikungunya
Chikungunya virus spreads through an infected mosquito bite. When a person is infected with Chikungunya virus and bites mosquitoes, the mosquito is also infected with this virus. These mosquitoes include most Aedes azepti mosquitoes and Aedes albopictus. These mosquito bites in daylight, though they spend more in the morning and late afternoon. Both species cut out of the house but Aedes aegypti mosquito bites even within the house. Aedes species mosquitoes reproduce in stopped containers like water containers, tanks, abandoned substances such as buckets, utensils, tires, flower donations etc.
Chikungunya virus is a hot sensitive ribose nucleic acid (RNA) virus of genus alphavirus and is a member of the Togaviridae family. It requires an agent to spread from one place to another. This means that the virus does not spread from one person to another. It usually spreads when a mosquito bites an infected person and later bites a non-infected person. Then he leaves the virus in that non-infected person, due to which the other person is also infected with this virus.
The time of illness can be 2-12 days from infection, but usually this disease lasts 3 to 7 days. Sometimes chikungunya infection occurs in our body but its symptoms are not visible.
Chikungunya also affects monkeys. The main cause of the spread of its virus in Africa is monkey.
Rescue from Chikungunya –
1. Save yourself from bites of mosquitoes.
2. Use air conditioning or window / door screen to keep mosquitoes out. If you are not able to save yourself from mosquitoes inside your house, then sleep under the mosquito-donor.
3. Stop mosquitoes from freezing of frozen water in containers, pots, buckets, pits etc. outside your home.
4. Pour clothes with full arms. If possible, wear clothes covering the entire body.
5. Use insect repellents DEET, picaridin, IR3535, and insulin-containing oil or para-menthane-diol insulin provide long-term protection.
6. If you use both sunscreen and insect repellent, then apply sunscreen first and then use insect repellent.
7. Placing Basil plant near the window helps keep the mosquitoes away.
8. Keep yourself hydrated.
9. Mosquitoes also keep away from burning camphor in the room.
Chikungunya test –
Chikungunya can be diagnosed by the following tests?
1. RT-PCR: Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction; Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction shows the genes of Chikungunya more accurately and certifies to be Chikungunya. The result can be obtained in 1-2 days.
2. Immunofluorescence assays – Immunofluorocene aches are sensitive and specific, but they have less ability to determine the antibody quantity. They are self-conscious, and they require specialized equipment and training.
3. PRNT – Plank reduction test findings (PRNT) are very useful because they are specific for alphavirus and are the gold values for certification of serological testing results.
4. Haemagglutination-inhibition tests- Another way to diagnose the disease is by separating the chinagunya strain by kinetic hemagglutination-inhibition tests. If there is pain in fever and joints, then this test is used to confirm chickengunya. This test yields results within 5 to 8 days of infection.
Chikungunya Treatment –
There is no medicine or vaccine to prevent chikungunya virus.
1. To reduce fever and pain, take medicines like acetaminophen (Tylenol) or paracetamol
2. Do not take aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) medicines, unless it is known that you do not have dengue or may be at risk of bleeding.
3. If you are taking medicines for any other health related problems, talk to your doctor before taking extra medication.
4. If you have chikungunya, avoid mosquito bites on the first week of illness.
5. Relax for at least 7 days (Bed Rest).
6. Drink at least 5 liters of water per day. ORS (drink sachets or lemon juice, sugar and one pinch of salt and drink it in liter of water.)
7. Even after the normal body temperature requires rest of at least 7 days, and with proper treatment it takes only 3 days to get normal temperature.
8. Wear cotton clothes.
9. Drink low-leaf tea with more milk and sugar, drink soup, drink rohafa in a ratio of 1: 4 and drink it in water and finely tone milk (i.e., a glass of milk and 4 glasses of water mixed with Ruhafza).
Vaccine of chickengun:
Currently, there is no vaccine or antiviral treatment. In general, the disease gets cured after a short time. The possibility of death is very less. Medicines are focused on relieving symptoms rather than causes. National Institutes of Health (NIH), currently funding clinical trials of Chikungunya vaccine for Phase 2. Vaccines are virus-like particles (VLPs), rather than inactive or weak viruses.
Vlp Based vaccines induce immune responses like Naturally Accquired Immunity. However, V.L.P. Not aggressive and do not make replication. Since the whole virus was infected with VLP Vaccines are not used to produce, so they do not need to be prepared in the high level of biological resources.
Risks and complications of chikungunya
Other diseases caused by Chikungunya?
Chikungunya is more likely to have problems if it increases – Keep in mind that it is not necessary that none of them will be there. If you see symptoms of any of these diseases, contact your doctor immediately.
1. Uveitis – In the eye, the inner layer of the retina and swelling between the sclera and the outer fibroid layer of the cornea
2. Retinitis – Swelling of the retina
3. Myocarditis – Inflammation of the Heart Muscles
4. Hepatitis – Swelling of the liver
5. Nephritis – Inflammation of the kidneys
6. Hemorrhage – bleeding
7. Meningoencephalitis – menstrual membrane (membrane) and inflammation of the cerebral tissue nearby.
8. Myelitis – swelling of the spinal cord.
9. Guillain-Barré Syndrome – The rare peripheral nervous system disease due to muscular weakness.
10. Cranial nerve palsy – loss of functioning in the cranial nerves.