Cardiac Arrest: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Cardiac Arrest: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Cardiac Arrest

The cardiac arrest is a very serious cardiovascular condition. In it, the word “Arist” means to stop motion or stand for some time. In case of a cardiac arrest, the heart stops beating. This condition is also known as “Sudden cardiac death: sudden cardiac arrest”. The heart has an internal electrical system that regulates the heartbeat’s rhythm. Cardiac arrests are a condition in which sudden cardiac stops working, difficulty breathing and sensation begin to lose. The sudden cardiac arrests are usually caused by an electrical disturbance in the heart (turbulence in electrical systems) which disrupts the pumping function of your heart and it stops the blood flow in the rest of your body. There can be several possible causes of cardiac arrests, including heart disease, physical stress, and some genetic disorders. Sometimes there is no known cause for it.

The cardiac arrest is very fast, so there is no time for the test to be done. If a person survives after a cardiac arrest’s, then a lot of tests are done to ascertain the cause of the cardiac arrests. ECG (electrocardiogram) is one of the most common tests that can be done intensely.

To reduce the chances of getting a cardiac arrest’s, adhering to a healthy lifestyle and avoiding cigarettes and excessive drinking is extremely important.

If there is no medical assistance during a cardiac arrest’s then the victim may die in a few minutes. If they already have defibrillation, then the chances of death will decrease during this time. Defibrillation sends an electric shock, which cures the heartbeat rhythm again. The person who is suddenly cardiac arrests, until the defibrillation is done, the cardiopulmonary resuscitation is given. This is a life-saving first aid, given to a person with a cardiac arrest’s. When the heart is unable to pump blood into the body, this medicine helps the heart to do this work.

  1. Symptoms of Cardiac Arrest
  2. Causes of cardiac arrest
  3. Protection from cardiac arrest
  4. Testing of cardiac arrest
  5. Treatment of Cardiac Arrest

Symptoms of cardiac arrest

What are the symptoms of cardiac arrest?

The symptoms of the cardiac arrest are quite rigid and intense and come without any warning:

  • Sudden fall
  • No pulse (or feeling)
  • Face graying
  • Feeling usually frightened
  • Restlessness
  • Respiration
  • Decreased consciousness (unconsciousness)
  • Cough
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Breathlessness
  • Pain in chest
  • To Faint
  • Darkening in front of eyes
  • Dizziness
  • Feeling scared that death is going to happen
  • Feeling nervous (Read more – Ways to overcome Anxiety)
  • Sticky feeling and sweating

When should the doctor show up?

Cardiac Arrest is an Emergency Medical Condition If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms then you should talk to the doctor immediately.

Reasons for Cardiac Arrest

Why is a cardiac arrest?

Causes of sudden cardiac arrest are usually some kind of abnormalities (irregular heartbeat or arithmetic) in the heart rhythm, which is the result of any problem related to the electrical system in the heart.

Disturbance can be different types of heart rhythm.

  • Acetyl is a condition in which there is no electrical activity, so the heart does not throttle.
  • Ventricular fibrillation is the situation in which the electrical activity is abnormal, but it does not cause the heart to pump blood, which does not cause a heartbeat.
  • Completed heart block (heart failure), where the heart rate is very slow, which can not keep the person alive for long periods of time.

What are the dangers of cardiac arrest? –

There are certain types of conditions and health factors that increase the risk of cardiac arrest.

  • Coronary Artery Disease – These types of cardiovascular diseases are born in the coronary arteries. These arteries only fill blood in the heart muscles. When it becomes blocked, it stops bleeding in the heart so that it can stop functioning properly.
  • Increasing heart rate – If the size of the heart is larger than normal then the risk of cardiac arrest can increase. An abnormally grown heart may not be able to beat properly. There are also more risks of muscle damage.
  • Irregular heart valves – valves in the heart valve are compressed or they become leakage. By doing so, the blood circulation of blood from the heart either overloads the blood chambers or does not even reach their potential. In such cases, the heart chamber becomes very weak or large in size.
  • Congenital Heart Disease – In some people there is a loss of heart in the heart, it is called the congenital heart problems. Children who are born with serious cardiovascular problems can be cardiac arrest.
  • Electrical impulse problems – Your cardiovascular system related problems can increase the risk of sudden cardiac arrest, which can also cause death. These problems are also known as primary heart rhythm abnormalities.

Other risk factors for the cardiac arrest include:

  • Stagnant lifestyles (which can be spent most of the time sitting in the day)
  • High BP
  • Deficiency of potassium or lack of magnesium
  • High Cholesterol
  • Family problems related to cardiovascular diseases
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • In men over 45 years of age and above 55 years of age
  • Diabetes
  • Men – The risk of having a cardiac arrest in men is usually 2 or 3 times more than usual.
  • Has ever been a Heart Attack
  • Abuse of drugs

Avoiding cardiac arrest

How to stop being a cardiac arrest?

There is no definitive way to know the risk of sudden cardiac arrest, so it is the best strategy to reduce its risk. Steps taken for the prevention of cardiac arrest include regular check-up, screening of cardiovascular diseases and living a healthy lifestyle. For a healthy lifestyle it is important to follow the following:

  • Consume nutritious foods rich and balanced
  • Keep diabetes in control
  • Maintain a level of cholesterol in the blood at the normal level
  • Avoid stress as far as possible
  • Learn how to manage stress
  • Be physically active
  • Do not smoke and also reduce the amount of alcohol you drink
  • Exercise a lot
  • Keep blood pressure at a safe level
  • Maintain healthy body weight (Do you know melena if not read on mediologiest)

If you have a cardiac disease or a condition that can make your heart unhealthy. So in such a doctor, you can suggest some steps to improve your health, such as taking medicines for high cholesterol or managing diabetes carefully.

Cardiac arrest test

How to test the cardiac arrest?

A cardiac arrest is a sudden and intense situation, so there is no time to do it for the test. If a person survives after a cardiac arrest then enough tests are done to ascertain the cause of the cardiac arrest. These include the following tests:

  • Blood Test – Blood test is done to test the enzyme. With the help of enzymes, it is detected that you have not had a heart attack. In addition, doctors use blood tests to check some types of minerals, hormones, and chemicals in the body.
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG) – This test is used to measure the electrical activity of the heart. With the help of the ECG test, it is detected that your heart is caused by any damaged heart disease or due to the heart attack.
  • Echocardiogram – With the help of this test it is seen if your heart was damaged. Echo tests are also done to examine other types of cardiac problems, such as heart muscles and valve-related problems.
  • Cardiac catheterization – With the help of this test the doctor can see that your arteries have not been narrowed or blocked.
  • Intracardiac Electrophysiology Study (EPS) – With the help of this test, it is checked how well the electrical signal of your heart is able to work. EPS test is also used to check the irregular heart’s abnormal heartbeat and heart rhythm.
  • Nuclear ventriculography – This test is used to see how well your heart is pumping blood.

On the basis of your health-related information and the results of the above tests, doctors can do some other tests.

Treatment of cardiac arrest

How to treat cardiac arrest?

It is a deadly situation for life, it is necessary to take immediate action to survive in the cardiac arrest.


The CPR is very important in the case of a sudden cardiac arrest. By keeping the flow of oxygenated blood in the vital organs of the CPR, until the life of an advanced emergency option is available, the body provides life.

If you do not know about CPR and if someone around you falls unconscious or starts getting symptoms such as cardiac arrest, then you should call the ambulance at the same time. If a person is unable to breathe properly then you should start pressing his chest immediately. You have to suppress chest 100 to 120 times in a minute and also to keep in mind that you are allowing the person’s chest to be completely open every time. Continue this procedure continues until the automated external defibrillator (AED) becomes available or the emergency personnel reach.

Defibrillation –

This is advanced care for ventricular vibration. Ventricular fibrillation is a type of cardiac arrhythmia, which causes sudden cardiac arrest. Generally, it is to deliver an electrical shock to the heart through the chest wall. This process is called defibrillation, which temporarily stops the heart and chaotic rhythm. With this help, the heart again achieves the goal of normal beats.

The use of defibrillation is used only after the identification of ventricular fibrillation and an electrical shock is given only when it is necessary.

In the hospital –

When the patient reaches the hospital’s emergency ward. So medical staff try to control the patient’s condition and treat the possibilities of heart attacks, heart failure, and electrolytes imbalance. Medicines are also given to control the abnormal rhythm of the patient’s heart.

Long-Term Remedies –

After you recover, your doctor will tell you or your family that you may need additional tests to determine the cause of the cardiac arrest. Your doctor will tell you about some preventive treatment to reduce the risk of having a cardiac arrest again.

Treatments may include the following –

  • Medicines – Doctors can use a variety of anti-rhythmic medicines for emergency or long-term treatment of arithmetic (irregular heartbeats) or some possible complications from arthritis. For those who have a sudden risk of cardiac arrest, a class of drugs called beta blockers is usually used. Other possible medicines that can be used, such as angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and calcium channel blockers are included.
  • Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (ICD) – When the condition is controlled, then your doctor is recommended to implant the ICD. ICD is a battery-powered unit, which is implanted in the body near the collarbone. The ICD constantly monitors your heart rhythm and tries to cure any type of abnormality.


  • Corrective Heart Surgery – If you have heart deformities, a defective heart valve problem or heart muscles from birth, then this surgical procedure is used to correct them. This improves heart rate and blood flow.
  • Coronary angioplasty – Angioplasty reopens blocked coronary arteries and helps blood flow freely in the heart. It also reduces the risk of having severe arthritis.
  • Coronary bypass surgery – This process is also called coronary artery bypass grafting. With the help of this, the blood supply in the heart is improved and the frequency of heartbeat increases is also reduced.

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