Brain Fever: Types, Symptoms, Prevention, Treatment
What is brain fever (meningitis)?
Meninges are three membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. Brain fever can occur when the fluid located in the surrounding meninges is infected.
There are several types of this disease, which can be bacterial, viral and fungal.
Bacterial meningitis can be serious and can spread by people coming into contact with each other. Viral meningitis is less severe and most people recover completely without treatment. Fungal meningitis is a rare form of this disease. It usually occurs in people who have weak resistance.
Inflammation during brain fever usually increases symptoms such as a headache, fever and neck stiffness.
Some patients of brain fever recover within a few weeks without treatment. The condition of other patients may be severe and they require immediate antibiotic treatment.
If you suspect that someone is suffering from brain fever, then get immediate treatment. Treating bacterial meningitis at the right time can prevent serious complications.
The spread of brain fever:
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), about one million suspected cases of meningitis have been reported in the last 20 years and so far more than 100,000 people have died. Even in the 24 to 48 hours after the introduction of symptoms, despite the introduction of the disease by introducing adequate treatment, five to ten percent of the people can not fight with the disease. About 50 percent of patients may die if this disease is not treated.
- Type of brain fever (meningitis)
- Symptoms of brain fever (meningitis)
- Due to brain fever (meningitis)
- Remedies for the prevention of brain fever (meningitis)
- Testing of brain fever (meningitis)
- Treatment of brain fever (meningitis)
- Risks and complications of brain fever (meningitis)
- Dieting in brain fever (meningitis)
- What should be eaten in brain fever (meningitis)?
Types of brain fever (meningitis)
Type of brain fever:
Viral and bacterial infections are the most common causes of meningitis. There are many other types of this –
- Bacterial Meningitis – Bacterial meningitis develops within a few hours immediately and can cause permanent inefficiency or death. Most of the deaths occur within 24-48 hours of the onset of symptoms. Most bacterial meningitis is due to Neisseria meningitis (meningococcus), Streptococcus and Haemophilus influenza type B (Hib).
- Viral Meningitis – The most common type of meningitis is viral meningitis and is usually less severe. Most patients recover without any permanent damage, although it may take several weeks or months to fully recover. Many types of viruses can cause meningitis and usually spread through coughing sneezing or fecal contamination. The most common group ‘Antro Virus’ lives in the respiratory and intestinal tracts and can cause colds in the cold and throat with fever, headache and muscle pain. It is transmitted from time to time to enter viruses, meninges and causes meningitis.
- Fungal meningitis – Fungal meningitis can be serious, but it is rarely seen. Fungal meningitis is not infectious and spreads on the environment by carrying the fungal spores in the body by breathing. This disease is mostly due to those who are afflicted with AIDS or whose immune system is weak.
- Other types of Meningitis – Meningitis can also spread through other mediums, including parasites or non-infectious media such as cancer, lupus, some medicines, head injuries, brain surgery or current of the scalp or spinal cord. (Read more: Anxiety Disorder: Types, Symptoms, Prevention, Treatment)
Symptoms of brain fever (meningitis)
What are the signs and symptoms of brain fever in adults?
About 25% of patients with cerebral fever are those, which develop symptoms of brain fever over 24 hours. The rest usually get sick in one to seven days. If antibiotics are being taken for any other infection, symptoms may take longer or they may have less effect in developing. If fungal meningitis (usually HIV-positive) is developing in a person, symptoms may take several weeks to increase.
The main symptoms of brain fever include fever, headache, and neck stiffness. Almost 45% of these main symptoms are found in people. However, at least one symptom is found in almost all its patients.
- Most people with brain fever have a headache.
- Most patients of brain fever seen symptoms of neck closeness
- Most patients of meningitis have a fever and cold.
- Many people are vomiting.
- Most patients of brain fever have high levels of sensitivity (photophobia) for bright light.
- Illusion status
- Failure to tour.
- The recent history of upper respiratory tract infection (for example cold, sore throat etc.)
- Sleepiness (Drowsiness)
- Localized weakness or strength is lost or sensation (especially on the face).
- Swelling and pain in one or more joints.
- A new rash, which looks like an injury or a small red spot.
Causes of brain fever (meningitis)
Due to brain fever:
The most common cause of brain fever is a viral infection. This is followed by bacterial infection and the rarest reason is fungal infections. Because the bacterial infection can be serious, therefore the reason identified is necessary.
- Bacterial Meningitis – Bacteria enter the blood flow to the brain and spinal cord and cause acute bacterial meningitis. But this can happen even when the bacteria directly attack meninges. This can be due to ear or sinus infection, scalp fracture or some surgery. There may be acute bacterial meningitis due to many strains of bacteria. These bacteria are the following:
- Streptococcus pneumonia (pneumococcus) – This bacterium is the most common cause of bacterial meningitis in infants, adolescents, and adults. This usually causes pneumonia, ear or sinus infection. A vaccine can help prevent this infection.
- Neisseria meningitis (meningococcus) – This is another major cause of bacterial meningitis. These bacteria usually cause upper respiratory infection, but meningococcal, meningitis can occur when entering the bloodstream. It is highly contagious and affects mainly people of adolescents and older people. This can spread the local epidemic in homes built for college hostels, boarding schools, and soldiers. Its vaccine can help prevent infection.
- Haemophilus influenza (Haemophilus) – Haemophilus influenza type B (Hib) bacterium used to be the main cause of bacterial meningitis in children, but its cases have largely been reduced by new Hib vaccines.
- Listeria monocytogen (Listeria) – These bacteria can be found in cheese, hot dogs and meat made without boiled milk. Most people with pregnant women, newborns, older people and people with weak immune systems have the highest potential for this bacterial infection.
- Viral meningitis – Viral meningitis is usually less severe and often cures itself. For most cases of viral meningitis, a group of ‘Antro Viruses’ virus is responsible, which is the most common at the end of summer and early onset of autumn. Viral meningitis can also spread due to herpes simplex virus, HIV, mumps, West Nile virus etc.
- Chronic Meningitis – Slowly growing organisms (such as fungus and Mycobacterium tuberculosis) invade the membranes and liquids around your brain and cause chronic meningitis. Chronic meningitis develops in two weeks or more. The symptoms are – headache, fever, vomiting and mental unrest. These symptoms are similar to acute meningitis.
- Fungal meningitis – Fungal meningitis is found less and causes chronic meningitis. It can be similar to acute bacterial meningitis. Fungal meningitis is not transmitted from one person to another. Cryptococcal meningitis is a common type of fungal disease that affects people with weak immune systems. If it is not treated by antifungal medicine, it can prove to be dangerous for the patient’s life.
- Other causes of meningitis – Meningitis can also be caused by non-communicable causes, such as chemical reactions, allergies to medicines, some cancers and inflammatory diseases such as sarcoidosis.
Remedies for the prevention of brain fever (meningitis)
Common bacteria or viruses producing brain fever can spread through coughing, sneezing, kissing or eating utensils, toothbrushes or cigarettes.
The following steps can be taken to prevent brain fever:
- Wash your hands – Washing hands carefully helps prevent microbes. After eating and after using the toilet in the children, use a habit of hand washing at a crowded place or after spending time with pets. Teach them to wash hands well.
- Adopt good hygiene habits – Do not share (share) with drink, food, straw, food utensils, lip creams or toothbrushes. Instruct children and adolescents not to share things of their personal hygiene.
- Stay healthy – Keep your immune system healthy by taking adequate comfort, regular exercise and a healthy diet containing fresh fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
- Cover your mouth – Cover the mouth and nose with the handkerchief while coughing or sneezing.
- If you are pregnant, take care of food – the risk of ‘listeriosis’ can be reduced by cooking hot dogs and soft meat at 165 F (74 C). Avoid eating paneer made from non-boiled milk. Eat paneer made from pasteurized milk.
Some bacterial meningitis can be prevented by the following vaccination –
- Haemophilus influenza type B (Hib) vaccine – Regular vaccines for children in the United States include ‘Haemophilus influenza type B’, which is applied to children from approximately 2 months of age. This vaccine is also recommended for some adults, who are suffering from sickle-cell disease or AIDS and do not have a spleen.
- Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV-13) – This vaccine is also part of the regular immunization program for children under 2 years in the United States. Additional amounts of vaccine are recommended for those between 2 and 5 years of age who are at risk for pneumococcal.
- Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine (PPSV 23) – This vaccine is applied to older children and adults who require protection from pneumococcal bacteria. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends the PPSV vaccine for these people – for people aged over 65, for young adults and children aged 2 years of age who are weak immune systems or serious diseases such as cardiovascular disease , Suffer from diabetes or sickle cell anemia, and for those who do not have spleen.
- Meningococcal conjugate vaccine- It is recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that a dose of 11 to 12 years of age should be given to them and given booster shot at the age of 16 years. If the vaccine has been installed for the first time between ages 13 and 15, then the booster shot will be applied between the ages of 16 and 18. If the first vaccine is applied at age 16 or older, then no booster is necessary. This vaccine can be given to those young children who are at risk of bacterial meningitis or who are exposed to any person infected with this disease. It is approved for children of 9 months old. This vaccine is also applied to healthy individuals, but it is first used in those people who have seen symptoms of bacterial meningitis.
Mental fever (meningitis) test
Brain fever test/diagnosis:
Diagnosis of brain fever begins with a health history and physical examination. During physical examination your doctor checks the following:
- Increased heart rate
- stiff neck
- Decrease in consciousness
Your doctor may also order ‘Lumbar Puncture’. This test is also called ‘spinal tap’. This helps your doctor check the increased pressure in the central nervous system. This test helps to detect swelling or bacteria in the fluid present in the spine. This test can also help in determining the best antibiotic for treatment. (Read More: nerve renew review)
Other tests can also be ordered for the diagnosis of brain fever. Other general tests include the following –
- The increase of bacteria in the blood – Identifying bacteria in the blood. Bacteria can reach the brain from the brain. This may be the reason for both meningitides and S. pneumoniae sepsis and brain fever.
- Blood test – Complete blood count with a difference is the general index of health. It checks the number of red and white blood cells in your blood. White blood cells fight infection. These are usually counted in brain fever.
- Chest x-ray – By this, it can be known about the presence of pneumonia, tuberculosis (TB) or fungal infection. After pneumonia, brain fever can occur.
- CT scan – CT scan of the head can show problems as brain boils or sinusitis. Bacteria can spread from sinus to meninges.
Treatment of brain fever (meningitis)
Treatment depends on the type of brain fever that occurs to you or your baby.
- Bacterial meningitis-
Acute bacterial meningitis should be treated immediately with intravenous antibiotics and use corticosteroid as early as possible. These medicines help to improve the condition and reduce the risks of complications, such as swelling of the brain and the tour.
Combination of antibiotic or antibiotic depends on the type of bacteria causing infection. As long as your doctor does not recognize the exact cause of brain fever, a broad spectrum can recommend antibiotics.
Your doctor can remove any infected sinuses or mastoid, such as the bones behind the outer edges which are attached to the middle ear.
- Viral meningitis-
Antibiotics can not cure viral meningitis and, in most cases, the patient’s condition improves in several weeks. Treatment of minor stenosis of viral meningitis is usually included –
- Bed rest,
- Extra intake of fluid,
- Pain medicines taken from medical stores to reduce fever and relieve pain in the body.
Your doctor may prescribe medicines to reduce swelling in the brain and to control the trips. If the herpes virus causes your brain fever, antiviral medication is available for this.
- Other types of brain fever-
If the reason for your brain fever is unclear, then your doctor can start antiviral and antibiotic treatment, unless its cause is determined.
Chronic meningitis is treated on the basis of its underlying causes. Antifungal medicines treat fungus meningitis and can treat ‘tuberculosis meningitis’ by combining specific antibiotics. Although these drugs can have serious side-effects, so long as the laboratory does not confirm that the cause is fungal, its treatment can be stopped.
Risks and complications of brain fever (meningitis)
- Complications of brain fever-
These complications are usually related to meningitis –
- Brain damage
- Formation of a sub-flow or fluid of the fluid between the brain and the scalp.
- Risk factors of brain fever-
The following are risk factors for brain fever:
- Compromised Immunity – People with weak defense are more sensitive to infection. These include infections that cause meningitis. Some disorders and treatments can weaken your immune system. These include –
- HIV / AIDS
- Self-immunomodulator disorder
- Organ or bone marrow transplantation
Cryptococcal meningitis is caused by fungus and is the most common form of meningitis in people with HIV or AIDS.
- Community Living – When people live in close proximity, brain fever easily spreads. Due to being in smaller places, the possibility of risk increases. Examples of these places include:
- College hostel
- House for soldiers (Barracks)
- Boarding school
- Daycare center
- Pregnancy – Pregnant women increase the risk of listeriosis, which is caused by Listeria bacterial infection. Transmission can spread to an unborn child.
- Age – The risk of brain fever can occur at any age. However, there are high risks in certain age groups. The risk of viral meningitis is highest in children under 5 years of age. The risk of bacterial meningitis is highest in infants.
- Working with animals- Workers working in the farm and others who work with animals increase the risk of listeria infection.
Dieting in brain fever (meningitis)
Patients with cerebral fever are advised to refrain from eating or drinking the following things –
- Sugar food,
- Processed foods,
- Caffeinated beverages,
- Foods made from flour,
- Fish cooked in the tandoor,
- Alcoholic Beverages
- Meat etc.
Along with the above, meningitis patients are advised to avoid eating too many amounts of salt (the primary source of sodium) in the food. The reason for this is that excessive salt can increase your blood pressure and may contract vessels or arteries. However, salt food may be harmful even below the prescribed quantity. This is the reason why you should not completely stop taking salt in your diet, but try to make a good balance of it. Because your body also requires certain amounts of sodium to function.
What should be eaten in brain fever (meningitis)?
What to eat in brain fever?
- Fruits and vegetables are known to provide antioxidants, essential fatty acids, vitamins, minerals and other nutrients, which can help the patient recover quickly. They also strengthen the immune system, which protects the body against diseases.
- Fruits – watermelon, grapefruit, papaya, berries
- Vegetables – Broccoli, red capsicum, carrot, cabbage, green leafy vegetables
- Include domestic chicken and low-fat meat in your diet. High-quality proteins can provide you with important nutrients and vitamins such as Omega-3 fats, conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and vitamin E.
- If you have a brain fever, then surely eat salmon fish. This is a good source of protein.
- It is also good to include different fruits and seeds in the diet of the brain fever.
- Sunflower seeds
- Pumpkin seeds
- seeds of cheeses