Bipolar Disorder: Types, Symptoms, Prevention, Treatment
What is a bipolar disorder?
Bipolar disorder is called a manic depression, which causes excessive mood swings. It involves high levels of anxiety (Mania or Hypomania) and low levels (Depression).
When you are suffering from depression, you feel depressed or depressed and lose interest in most activities. At the same time when the mood turns in another direction, then you can feel full of celebration and energy. Changes in the mood can occur several times a year or several times a week. Mood swing is more serious, weak and inefficient in people suffering from bipolar disorder compared to the experience of the common man.
Some people may have hallucinations (bad dreams etc) and other symptoms.
With treatment, some people can do good work or studies in this situation and live a capable life. However, some people stop taking or taking medicines when they feel OK.
According to some studies, some people with bipolar disorder may have an increase in creativity. However, mood swings can cause them difficulty concentrating on a project or following a project. As a result, people start many projects or work, but they can not finish them.
However, bipolar disorder is a harmful and long-term condition, you can stop mood swings by following a treatment plan. In most cases, It is controlled with the help of medicines and psychological counseling.
- Types of “Bipolar Disorder”
- Symptoms of “Bipolar Disorder”
- Due to”Bipolar disorder” and risk factors
- Preventing “Bipolar Disorder”
- Diagnosis of “Bipolar disorder”
- Treatment of “Bipolar Disorder”
- Complications of “Bipolar disorder”
Types of Bipolar Disorder
There are many types of bipolar and related disorders, including mania or hypomania and depression. Its symptoms cause unexpected changes in mood and behavior, resulting in difficulties and hardships in life.
- Bipolar I disorder
You may have at least one manic episode before or after the hypomanic or depressive episode. In some cases, mania also starts mentality (madness).
- Bipolar II disorder
In this, you may have a major depression episode or hypomanic episode, but there is never a menial episode.
- Cyclothymic disorder
There are many periods of symptoms of hypomania for 2 years and symptoms of depression (less than major depression). However, it can be for a year in children and adolescents.
- Other types (Other types)
For example, bipolar disorder can be caused by consuming a medical condition or alcohol. Such as Cushing’s disease or stroke etc.
Bipolar II disorder type is no different than its first type (Bipolar I disorder), but the methods of diagnosis are different. It may be more serious and dangerous after the menopause occurred in the Bipolar I disorder. Those who have Bipolar II, they can suffer from long periods of depression, which can cause more harm. More information on mania, hypomania, and major depression sufficiency is given in the ‘Symptoms’ section.
Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder
What are the symptoms of bipolar disorder?
By the way, bipolar disorder can occur in people of any age, especially in adolescence and age 20 or earlier. Symptoms can vary in every person and its symptoms can change over time.
- Mania and Hyperemia –
These are different types of episodes, but their symptoms are similar. Mania is more serious than Hyperemia, because of this, it is difficult to handle work, studies, and social activities. Mania can also start a mental attitude, which can lead to hospitalization.
The following symptoms are found in both manic and hypomanic symptoms:
- Feeling unusually excited, irritable or awkward,
- Increase in activity, energy or distraction,
- Increasing the feeling of happiness and self-confidence (Euphoria),
- Feeling less sleepy
- To talk or speak unnecessarily,
- Keep thinking of something or something,
- Feeling more distraught,
- Difficulty in making decisions – for example, to buy something and take anything or give more money on it.
- The major depressive episode-
The symptoms that occur in a major depressive episode are quite serious, which have a lot of difficulty in completing day-to-day activities. Difficulties in this are quite noticeable, such as difficulty in completing school, work and other social activities or personal problems etc. The symptoms of this episode may include the following:
- Depressed mood such as depression, emptiness, and feeling mournful (it may increase irritation in children too).
- Do not have any interest or desire in almost all kinds of activities.
- Increasing weight or occurrence, it is never too late to feel hungry, (it can be an indication of depression in children).
- Insomnia or too much sleep
- Feeling uncomfortable or working slowly
- Feeling fatigue or lack of energy
- Feeling inadequate or guilty
- Difficulty in thinking and paying attention, difficulties in determining
- Plan or attempt to selfishness.
- Other features of bipolar disorder:
Some other features can also be added in the symptoms of both Bipolar (I) and (II), such as anxious distress, depression, psychosis etc.
- Symptoms in children and adolescents:
It is very difficult to identify the symptoms of bipolar disorder in children and adolescents. In this disease, it is difficult to determine whether these are normal mental fluctuations, Stress or trauma, or there is a general mental health problem other than the biopsy disorder.
People with children and adolescents may have major depressive, manic or hypomanic episodes. However, their patterns may differ from adults with bipolar. The mood can change intensely during the episode. During some episode of children, some periods may also be without mood symptoms.
When should the doctor show up –
Even though the mood is on the extremes, people with Bipolar do not understand how much their emotional instability is causing them and their loved ones in the life of their loved ones. Because of which they do not understand the need for treatment.
If you are experiencing some symptoms of depression or mania, then you should get a doctor or a mental health specialist to get the test done. It does not automatically improve Treatment of an experienced doctor of Bipolar disorder helps in controlling the symptoms.
Due to Bipolar Disorder and Risk Factors
Why is a bipolar disorder?
The exact cause of bipolar disorder is still unknown, but there are some factors that can increase its risk, including the following –
- Biological differences – People who have bipolar disorder can see some physical changes in their brain. There is no information about the significance of these changes yet, but with the help of these, some reasons can be found.
Neurotransmitters – An imbalance in naturally occurring brain chemicals are called neurotransmitters. They play an important role in bipolar disorder and other mood disorders.
- Inherited traits – If a person has a bipolar disorder in the first person, then it is very common for other members to have this disorder. Researchers are trying to find the genome that is involved in these causes of bipolar disorder.
Risk factors for bipolar disorder:
Factors that can increase the risk of bipolar disorder, or act as triggers for the first episode. These may include the following –
- In the family, first of all, to have this disorder, such as parents or siblings etc.
- To go through too much stress
- Alcohol addiction or addiction
- Undergoing any kind of an extreme pain in life such as the death of a loved one or other other painful experience.
Commonly occurring problems in bipolar disorder:
If you have bipolar disorder, you may have other health-related problems, which are diagnosed before or after the test of Bipolar. There are some situations which are very important to diagnose and treat because they can make the condition of bipolar more difficult. This can reduce the success of treatment of bipolar disorder, which may include the following conditions.
- Anxiety disorder – for example, social engagement disorder or generalized angiology disorder.
- Post-traumatic stress disorder – This disorder also has bipolar disorder with stress and trauma-related disorders.
- Medicines and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) – Symptoms of this disorder can be seen with Bipolar disorder. This is why it is difficult to tell the differences in bipolar disorder and ADHD. The patient often makes something wrong for the other. In some cases, the patient is tested for both conditions.
- Misuse of drugs and other substances – Many people with bipolar disorder have a problem of alcohol, tobacco, and drugs etc. After consuming alcohol or medicines, it seems that the symptoms are decreasing, but in reality, they increase the conditions and make them worse and sometimes they do the trigger for this disorder.
Physical health problems – People with problems of bipolar disorder may have some other health-related problems, such as heart disease, thyroid disease, and obesity etc.
Bipolar Disorder Rescue
How can prevent bipolar disorder?
There is no sure way to prevent bipolar disorder.
However, timely detection and treatment of signs and symptoms of mental health can be prevented by bipolar disorder. Apart from this, other mental health conditions are also protected from severe.
If your bipolar disorder is tested, then some strategies prevent minor symptoms from developing in the full episode of Maya or depression, which are the following –
- Focus on alert signs – early detection of symptoms of bipolar disorder can prevent it from getting worse. You and your carer can identify the patterns of your bipolar episode. If you think that you are coming into the grip of Depression or Mania, then meet your doctor in this way. Include your family members and friends etc. to monitor the signs of this disease.
- Do not consume alcohol and other medicines – Using alcohol or drugs can further worsen your symptoms and increase your chances of coming back.
- Take medicines properly according to the instructions – you may want to quit, but do not do this. Because its results can be seen immediately, which may make you feel very stressed. Apart from this, you can also get into the grip of the manic or hypomanic episode. If you think you need to make some changes in yourself, then talk to your doctor in such a way.
- Check them before taking other medicines – If you are going to take any other doctor’s or over-the-counter medicines or supplements, first consult your doctor who is treating your Bipolar Disorder. Some other medicines sometimes act as a trigger for the episode of it. The medicines you are eating for treatment of bipolar can also interfere with these medicines in their work. (Read more about Fear)
Diagnosis of bipolar disorder
Bipolar disorder test:
When doctors suspect bipolar disorder in a patient, they typically do many tests and tests. With the help of these tests, other problems are highlighted and other complications related to it are also examined. These may include the following tests:
Physical tests – To check any medical problem and to detect the causes of symptoms, physical tests and lab tests can be done.
- Psychological assessment – Your doctor or mental health provider can talk to you about your thoughts, feelings and behavior patterns. You may also need to fill out a psychological questionnaire or self-assessment. According to your permission, information about your symptoms and potential action or depression can be obtained from your close friends or friends.
- Keep a record of mood – Doctor can keep a record of your daily mood for information about what is actually happening. Apart from this, doctors can also get information about sleep pattern patterns and other factors that can help them diagnose bipolar disorder.
- Signs and symptoms check – Your doctor or mental health professional can usually compare your symptoms with the criteria of Bipolar and related disorders in the statistical manual of mental disorder, to determine the diagnosis.
Diagnosis of bipolar disorder in children –
Bipolar symptoms are often different patterns in children and adolescents, which do not fit properly in the categories used in the diagnosis of the adults. Children who have bipolar are often diagnosed with other mental health conditions, such as ADHD or other practical problems.
Children’s doctors can help you learn the symptoms of bipolar also give information about your child’s developmental age, condition, and variation in general-related behavior.
Treatment of bipolar disorder
What is the treatment of bipolar disorder?
The best direction can be done by a skilled psychiatrist to treat bipolar-related disorders.
As needed, the treatment of bipolar disorder may include the following –
- Initial treatment – Often, you may have to start taking medicines to adjust your mood immediately. If your symptoms are controlled, your doctor may be able to find the best long-term treatment.
- Continued treatment – A person suffering from Bipolar disorder needs life-long treatment, even when he is feeling better. Its care-related treatment can also be used to manage bipolar disorder for a long time.
- Substance abuse treatment – If you have problems with alcohol or other drugs, you may need treatment for drug abuse. Otherwise, it may be difficult to treat bipolar.
- Hiring in hospital – If you behave dangerously or take care of suicide yourself, then the doctor can recruit you to the hospital.
The primary treatment for bipolar may include medicines and psychological counseling (psychotherapy) and along with this, disease-related information and support groups can be included.
- Mood stabilizer – Mood stabilizer – Whether you have bipolar (I) or bipolar (II) disorder, you may usually need mood-stabilizing medication to control the manic and hypomanic Can go
- Antipsychotic – If there are symptoms of depression or hysteria, even with treatment with other medicines, then adding antipsychotic medicines may help. Your doctor may prescribe some of these medicines alone or with mood stabilizer medicines.
- Antidepressants – Your doctor can also give an antidepressant to help manage depression. But many times antidepressant medicines can trigger a manic episode, so they are often written with mood stabilizers and antibiotics.
- Antidepressant- Antipsychotic – Symbyax drugs work as stress treatment and mood stabilizers. Symbiades have been approved for the treatment of depression, particularly associated with Bipolar I and Bipolar II disorder.
- Anti-anxiety – These medicines are usually used to relieve anxiety for a short time. (Read More: Depression)
All medicines can have side effects, medicines should be used after consulting with the doctor to avoid any serious damage or loss.
Medicines for pregnant women
Many medicines for the treatment of bipolar disorder are associated with birth defects, should talk to the doctor on this issue.
- Contraception Options – By taking birth control medicines with some Bipolar disorder medicines, they reduce their effectiveness.
- Treatment options, if you are thinking about getting pregnant
- Breastfeeding – Some bipolar medicines can also go through your breast milk. Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy is an important part of bipolar disorder treatment, which can be provided for a personal, family or systematic group. Under this, many types of therapy can be helpful, including the following,
- Cognitive behavioral therapy – The focus of this therapy is to identify the disease, identify negative beliefs and behaviors and make them healthy. This therapy also helps you to tell who has triggered bipolar disorder. It can also learn strategies for managing stress and facing upset situations.
- Psychoeducation – It gives the advice to help you learn about bipolar disorder. It helps you and your loved ones in bipolar disorder. Knowing what is going on with you, knowing good, helps you to get the best treatment. It also helps you and your loved ones to recognize signs of mood swing.
- Interpersonal and Social Rhythm Therapy – also called IPSRT. It has a focus on the rhythm of the day, like sleeping, wake up and eating etc. A regular routine allows for better mood management. By establishing a daily routine of doing sleep, food, and exercise, people with bipolar disorder can get great benefits.
- Other Therapies – Other therapies can be studied, along with proof of success. Talk to a doctor about a suitable choice for yourself.
Treatment in children and adolescents
- Medicines – Children and adolescents with Bipolar disorder can also be given the same medicines, which are given to the adults. Compared to adults, less research has been done on the safety and effectiveness of Bipolar medicines, so treatment decisions are often done according to adult research.
- Psychotherapy – Most children need a consultation in order to diagnose bipolar disorder as part of initial treatment and to prevent symptoms from coming back. Psychotherapy can help children to deal with problems, to find difficulties in learning, to solve social problems, and to strengthen family bonds and relationships. If needed, it can also help in treating problems like the misuse of substances, etc., which occurs in older children with bipolar disorder.
Complications of bipolar disorder
What are the complications of bipolar disorder?
If the bipolar disorder is left untreated, then there may be serious health consequences, which can affect every area of the body. These may include the following –
- Problems with the intake of drugs and alcohol, etc.
- Trying to self-satisfy or think about it,
- Legal problems,
- Financial problems,
- Difficulties in relationships,
- Isolation and loneliness,
- poor performance in school and other activities,
- Being absent often from work or school.